spec`i`fi`ca´tion   Pronunciation: spĕs`ĭ`fĭ`kā´shŭn
n.1.The act of specifying or determining by a mark or limit; notation of limits.
2.The designation of particulars; particular mention; as, the specification of a charge against an officer.
3.A written statement containing a minute description or enumeration of particulars, as of charges against a public officer, the terms of a contract, the description of an invention, as in a patent; also, a single article, item, or particular, an allegation of a specific act, as in a charge of official misconduct.
4.A detailed listing or description of the required properties of some object proposed to be built or bought; - usually used in the plural; as, the building specifications require that it withstand an earthquake of magnitude 8; the program specifications require an option to change the menus.
Noun1.specification - a detailed description of design criteria for a piece of work
Synonyms: spec
2.specification - naming explicitly
3.specification - (patent law) a document drawn up by the applicant for a patent of invention that provides an explicit and detailed description of the nature and usse of an invention
4.specification - a restriction that is insisted upon as a condition for an agreement
Synonyms: stipulation

SPECIFICATION, civil law. A term used in the civil law, by which is meant a person's making a new species or subject from materials belonging to another. Bouv. Inst. Theolo. ps. 1, c. 1, art. 1, Sec. 4, Is. 4, p. 74.
     2. When the new species can be again reduced to the matter of which it was made, the law considers the former mass as still existing, and, therefore, the new species as an accessory to the former subject; but where the thing made cannot be so reduced, as in the case of wine, which cannot be again turned into grapes, there is no place for the fictio juris; and, there, the workmanship draws after it the property of the material. Inst. 2, 1, 25 Dig. 41, 1, 7, 7. See Accession; Confusion; Mixtion; and Aso & Man. Inst. B. 2, t. 2, c. 8.

SPECIFICATION, practice, contracts. A particular and detailed account of a thing: example, in order to obtain a patent for an invention, it is necessary to file a specification or an instrument of writing, which must lay open and disclose to the public every part of the process by which the invention can be made useful if the specification does not contain the whole truth relative to the discovery, or contains more than is requisite to produce the desired effect, and the concealment or addition was made for the purpose of deception, the patent would be void; for if the specification were insufficient on account of its want of clearness, exactitude or good faith, it would be a fraud on society that the patentee should obtain a monopoly without giving up his invention. 2 Kent, Com. 300; 1 Bell's Com. part 2, c. 3, s. 1, p. 112; Perpigna on Pat. 67; Renouard, Des Brevets d'Inv. 252.
     2. In charges against persons accused of military offences, they must be particularly described and clearly expressed; this is called the specification. Tytl. on Courts Mart. 109.

(jargon)specification - (spec) A document describing how some system should work.
allocation, allowance, analysis, anatomization, assignment, atomization, attribution, boundary condition, bounding, cameo, catalog, cataloging, catch, cession, character, character sketch, characterization, circling-in, circumscribing, circumscription, circumstantiation, clause, concession, condition, consideration, definition, delimitation, delineation, demarcation, denomination, denotation, depiction, describing, description, designation, detail, details, determination, differentiation, disclosure, donnee, encincture, enumeration, escalator clause, escape clause, escape hatch, evocation, exception, exemption, expression, extenuating circumstances, fine print, fingering, fixing, given, grain of salt, grant, graphic account, grounds, hedge, hedging, hint, identification, identifying, image, imagery, impression, inclusion-exclusion, indication, indicativeness, inventory, itemization, itemizing, joker, kicker, limitation, limiting condition, limning, list, listing, manifestation, meaning, mental reservation, modification, naming, obligation, parameter, particularization, photograph, picking out, picture, pinning down, pointing, pointing out, pointing to, portrait, portraiture, portrayal, precision, prerequisite, profile, provision, provisions, proviso, qualification, rendering, rendition, representation, requirement, requisite, reservation, restriction, salvo, saving clause, selection, show, showing, signification, sine qua non, sketch, small print, special case, special treatment, specialness, specifying, stipulation, string, suggestion, symptomaticness, terms, ultimatum, vignette, vivid description, waiver, whereas, word painting
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Specific character
Specific disease
Specific duty
specific gravity
specific heat
Specific heat of a substance
Specific inductive capacity
Specific legacy
specific markup
Specific name
specific performance
Specific volume
-- specification --
specimen bottle
specious argument
Speck falls
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