SENATE, government. The less numerous branch of the legislature.
2. The constitution of the United States, article 1, s. 3, cl. 1,
directs that "the senate of the United States shall be composed of two
senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof for six years;
and each senator shall have one vote." The vice president of the United
States," to use the language of the constitution, art. 1, s. 3, cl. 4,
"shall be president of the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be
equally divided." In the senate each state in its political capacity, is
represented, upon a footing of perfect equality, like a congress of
sovereigns or ambassadors, or like an assembly of peers. It is unlike the
house of representatives. where the people are represented. Story, Const.
3. The senate of the United States is invested with legislative,
executive and judicial powers.
4.-1. It is a legislative body whose concurrence is requisite to the
passage of every law. It may originate any bill, except those for raising
revenue, which shall originate in the house of representatives; but the
senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other bills. Const. art.
1, s. 7, el. I.
5.-2. The senate is invested with executive authority in concluding
treaties and making appointments. Vide President of the United States of
6.-3. It is invested with judicial power when it is formed into a court
for the trial of impeachments. See Courts of the United States.
7. In most of the states the less numerous branch of the legislature
bears the title of senate. In such a body the people are represented as well
as in the other house. Vide article Congress; and, for the senates of the
several states, the name of each state. See, also, articles Courts of the
United States, I; House of Representatives; Vice-President of the United
, Dominican Republic
, House of Lords
, Malagasy Republic
, South Africa
, Trinidad and Tobago
, West Germany