|n.||1.||An orderly succession; a line; a row|
|2.||An orderly collection of papers, arranged in sequence or classified for preservation and reference; as, files of letters or of newspapers; this mail brings English files to the 15th instant.|
|2.||Course of thought; thread of narration.|
|3.||A roll or list.|
|3.||(computers) a collection of data on a digital recording medium treated as a unit for the purpose of recording, reading, storage, or indexing; - such a file is typically accessible by computer programs by the use of a file name. The data may be of any type codable digitally, such as simple ASCII-coded text, complex binary-coded data, or an executable program, or may be itself a collection of other files.|
|v. t.||1.||To set in order; to arrange, or lay away, esp. as papers in a methodical manner for preservation and reverence; to place on file; to insert in its proper place in an arranged body of papers.|
|2.||To bring before a court or legislative body by presenting proper papers in a regular way; |
|3.||(Law) To put upon the files or among the records of a court; to note on (a paper) the fact date of its reception in court.|
|v. i.||1.||(Mil.) To march in a file or line, as soldiers, not abreast, but one after another; - generally with off.|
|n.||1.||A steel instrument, having cutting ridges or teeth, made by indentation with a chisel, used for abrading or smoothing other substances, as metals, wood, etc.|
|2.||Anything employed to smooth, polish, or rasp, literally or figuratively.|
|3.||A shrewd or artful person.|
|v. t.||1.||To rub, smooth, or cut away, with a file; to sharpen with a file; |
|2.||To smooth or polish as with a file.|
|1.||To make foul; to defile.|
|Noun||1.||file - a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together|
Synonyms: data file
|2.||file - a line of persons or things ranged one behind the other|
|3.||file - office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers in order|
|4.||file - a steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal|
|Verb||1.||file - record in a public office or in a court of law; "file for divorce"; "file a complaint"|
|2.||file - smooth with a file; "file one's fingernails"|
|3.||file - proceed in line; "The students filed into the classroom"|
|4.||file - file a formal charge against; "The suspect was charged with murdering his wife"|
|5.||file - place in a container for keeping records; "File these bills, please"|
Synonyms: file away
|(file system)||file - An element of data storage in a file system.|
The history of computing is rich in varied kinds of files and file systems, whether ornate (e.g., Macintosh file system for a well-known case) or deficient (e.g., many simple pre-1980s file systems don't allow directories).
However, the prototypical file has these characteristics:
* It is a single sequence of bytes (but consider Macintosh resource forks).
* It has a finite length, unlike, e.g. a Unix device.
* It is stored in a non-volatile storage medium (but see ramdrive).
* It exists (nominally) in a directory.
* It has a name that it can be referred to by in file operations, possibly in combination with its path.
Additionally, a file system may associate other information with a file, such as permission bits or other file attributes; timestamps for file creation, last revision, and last access; revision numbers (a` la VMS), and other kinds of magic.