|v. t.||1.||To flee from and avoid; to be saved or exempt from; to shun; to obtain security from; |
|2.||To avoid the notice of; to pass unobserved by; to evade; |
|v. i.||1.||To flee, and become secure from danger; - often followed by from or out of.|
|2.||To get clear from danger or evil of any form; to be passed without harm.|
|3.||To get free from that which confines or holds; - used of persons or things; |
|n.||1.||The act of fleeing from danger, of evading harm, or of avoiding notice; deliverance from injury or any evil; flight; |
|2.||That which escapes attention or restraint; a mistake; an oversight; also, transgression.|
|4.||(Law) The unlawful permission, by a jailer or other custodian, of a prisoner's departure from custody.|
|5.||(Bot.) A plant which has escaped from cultivation.|
|5.||(Arch.) An apophyge.|
|6.||Leakage or outflow, as of steam or a liquid.|
|7.||(Elec.) Leakage or loss of currents from the conducting wires, caused by defective insulation.|
|Noun||1.||escape - the act of escaping physically; "he made his escape from the mental hospital"; "the canary escaped from its cage"; "his flight was an indication of his guilt"|
|2.||escape - an inclination to retreat from unpleasant realities through diversion or fantasy; "romantic novels were her escape from the stress of daily life"; "his alcohol problem was a form of escapism"|
|3.||escape - the unwanted discharge of a fluid from some container; "they tried to stop the escape of gas from the damaged pipe"; "he had to clean up the leak"|
|4.||escape - a valve in a container in which pressure can build up (as a steam boiler); it opens automatically when the pressure reaches a dangerous level|
|5.||escape - nonperformance of something distasteful (as by deceit or trickery) that you are supposed to do; "his evasion of his clear duty was reprehensible"; "that escape from the consequences is possible but unattractive"|
|6.||escape - an avoidance of danger or difficulty; "that was a narrow escape"|
|7.||escape - a means or way of escaping; "hard work was his escape from worry"; "they installed a second hatch as an escape"; "their escape route"|
|8.||escape - a plant originally cultivated but now growing wild|
|Verb||1.||escape - run away from confinement; "The convicted murderer escaped from a high security prison"|
|2.||escape - fail to experience; "Fortunately, I missed the hurricane"|
|3.||escape - escape potentially unpleasant consequences; get away with a forbidden action; "She gets away with murder!"; "I couldn't get out from under these responsibilities"|
|4.||escape - be incomprehensible to; escape understanding by; "What you are seeing in him eludes me"|
|5.||escape - issue or leak, as from a small opening; "Gas escaped into the bedroom"|
|6.||escape - remove oneself from a familiar environment, usually for pleasure or diversion; "We escaped to our summer house for a few days"; "The president of the company never manages to get away during the summer"|
Synonyms: get away
|7.||escape - flee; take to one's heels; cut and run; "If you see this man, run!"; "The burglars escaped before the police showed up"|
ESCAPE. An escape is tho deliverance of a person who is lawfully imprisoned,
out of prison, before such a person is entitled to such deliverance by law.
5 Mass. 310.
2. It will be proper to consider, first, what is a lawful imprisonment; and, secondly, the different kinds of escapes.
3. When a man is imprisoned in a proper place under the process of a court having jurisdiction in the case, he is lawfully imprisoned, notwithstanding the proceedings may be irregular; but if the court has not jurisdiction the imprisonment is unlawful, whether the process be regular or otherwise. Bac. Ab. Escape. in civil cases, A 1; 13 John. 378; 5 John. 89; 1 Cowen, 309 8 Cowen, 192; 1 Root, R. 288.
4. Escapes are divided into voluntary and negligent; actual or constructive; civil and criminal and escapes on mesne process and execution.
5.-1. A voluntary escape is the giving to a prisoner, voluntarily, any liberty not authorized by law. 5 Mass. 310; 2 Chipm. 11. Letting a prisoner confined under final process, out of prison for any, even the shortest time, is an escape, although he afterwards return; 2 Bl. Rep. 1048; 1 Roll. Ab. 806; and this may be, (as in the case of imprisonment under a ca. sa.) although an officer may accompany him. 3 Co. 44 a Plowd. 37; Hob. 202; 1 Bos. & Pull. 24 2 Bl. Rep. 1048.
6. The effect of a voluntary escape in a civil case, when the prisoner is confined under final process, is to discharge the debtor, so that he cannot be retaken by the sheriff; but he may be again arrested if he was confined only on mesne process. 2 T. R. 172; 2 Barn. & A. 56. And the plaintiff may retake the prisoner in either case. In a criminal case, on the contrary, the officer not only has a right to recapture his prisoner, but it is his duty to do so. 6 Hill, 344; Bac. Ab. Escape in civil cases, C.
7.-2. A negligent escape takes place when the prisoner goes at large, unlawfully, either because the building or prison in which he is confined is too weak to hold him, or because the keeper by carelessness lets him go out of prison.
8. The consequences of a negligent escape are not so favorable to the prisoner confined under final process, as they are when the escape is voluntary, because in this case, the prisoner is to blame. He may therefore be retaken.
9.-3. The escape is actual, when the prisoner in fact gets out of prison and unlawfully regains his liberty.
10.-4. A constructive escape takes place when the prisoner obtains more liberty than the law allows, although he still remains in confinement The following cases are examples of such escapes: When a man marries his prisoner. Plowd. 17; Bac. Ab. Escape, B 3. If an underkeeper be taken in execution, and delivered at the prison, and neither the sheriff nor any authorized person be there to receive him. 5 Mass. 310. And when the keeper of a prison made one of the prisoners confined for a debt a turnkey, and trusted him with the keys, it was held that this was a constructive escape. 2 Mason, 486.
11. Escapes in civil cases are, when the prisoner is charged in execution or on mesne process for a debt or duty, and not for a criminal offence, and he unlawfully gains his liberty. In this case, we have seen, the prisoner may be retaken, if the escape have not been voluntary; and that he may be retaken by the plaintiff when the escape has taken place without his fault, whether the defendant be confined in execution or not; and that the sheriff may retake the prisoner, who has been liberated by him, when he was not confined on final process.
12. Escapes in criminal cases take place when a person lawfully in prison, charged with a crime or under sentence, regains his liberty unlawfully. The prisoner being to blame for not submitting to the law, and in effecting his escape, may be retaken whether the escape was voluntary or not. And he may be indicted, fined and imprisoned for so escaping. See Prison.
13. Escape on mesne process is where the prisoner is not confined on final process, but on some other process issued in the course of the proceedings, and unlawfully obtains his liberty, such escape does not make the officer liable, provided that on the return day of the writ, the prisoner is forthcoming.
14. Escape on final process is when the prisoner obtains his liberty unlawfully while lawfully confined, and under an execution or other final decree. The officer is then, in general, liable to the plaintiff for the amount of the debt.
ESCAPE, WARRANT. A warrant issued in England against a person who being charged in custody in the king's bench or Fleet prison, in execution or mesne process, escapes and goes at large. Jacob's L. D. h.t.
|1.||(language)||ESCAPE - An early system on the IBM 650.|
[Listed in CACM 2(5):16 (May 1959)].
|2.||(character)||escape - (ESC) ASCII character 27.|
When sent by the user, escape is often used to abort execution or data entry. When sent by the computer it often starts an escape sequence.