Word:

Cryptography

Cryp`tog´ra`phy   Pronunciation: ~f?
n.1.The act or art of writing in code or secret characters; also, secret characters, codes or ciphers, or messages written in a secret code.
2.The science which studies methods for encoding messages so that they can be read only by a person who knows the secret information required for decoding, called the key; it includes cryptanalysis, the science of decoding encrypted messages without possessing the proper key, and has several other branches; see for example steganography.
Noun1.cryptography - the science of analyzing and deciphering codes and ciphers and cryptograms
2.cryptography - act of writing in code or cipher
(cryptography)cryptography - The practise and study of encryption and decryption - encoding data so that it can only be decoded by specific individuals. A system for encrypting and decrypting data is a cryptosystem. These usually involve an algorithm for combining the original data ("plaintext") with one or more "keys" - numbers or strings of characters known only to the sender and/or recipient. The resulting output is known as "ciphertext".

The security of a cryptosystem usually depends on the secrecy of (some of) the keys rather than with the supposed secrecy of the algorithm. A strong cryptosystem has a large range of possible keys so that it is not possible to just try all possible keys (a "brute force" approach). A strong cryptosystem will produce ciphertext which appears random to all standard statistical tests. A strong cryptosystem will resist all known previous methods for breaking codes ("cryptanalysis").

See also cryptology, public-key encryption, RSA.

Usenet newsgroups: news:sci.crypt, news:sci.crypt.research.

FAQ MIT.

Cryptography glossary.

RSA cryptography glossary.

Cryptography, PGP, and Your Privacy.
cipher, code, coded message, coup de plume, criticism, cryptanalysis, cryptoanalysis, cryptoanalytics, cryptogram, cryptograph, cryptographer, cryptology, diagnostics, engrossment, epigraphy, exegetics, hermeneutics, ink spilling, inkslinging, inscription, invisible ink, lettering, lexicography, literary criticism, macrography, metoposcopy, micrography, oneirology, paleography, pathognomy, pen, pen-and-ink, pencil driving, physiognomics, physiognomy, scrivenery, scrivening, secret language, secret writing, semeiology, semeiotics, sympathetic ink, symptomatology, textual criticism, tropology, typewriting, typing, writing
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