Coun´ty   Pronunciation: koun´tŷ
n.1.An earldom; the domain of a count or earl.
2.A circuit or particular portion of a state or kingdom, separated from the rest of the territory, for certain purposes in the administration of justice and public affairs; - called also a shire. See Shire.
Every county, every town, every family, was in agitation.
- Macaulay.
3.A count; an earl or lord.
County commissioners
See Commissioner.
County corporate
a city or town having the privilege to be a county by itself, and to be governed by its own sheriffs and other magistrates, irrespective of the officers of the county in which it is situated; as London, York, Bristol, etc.
County court
a court whose jurisdiction is limited to county.
- Mozley & W.
County palatine
a county distinguished by particular privileges; - so called a palatio (from the palace), because the owner had originally royal powers, or the same powers, in the administration of justice, as the king had in his palace; but these powers are now abridged. The counties palatine, in England, are Lancaster, Chester, and Durham.
County rates
rates levied upon the county, and collected by the boards of guardians, for the purpose of defraying the expenses to which counties are liable, such as repairing bridges, jails, etc.
County seat
a county town
County sessions
the general quarter sessions of the peace for each county, held four times a year.
County town
the town of a county, where the county business is transacted; a shire town.
Noun1.county - a region created by territorial division for the purpose of local government; "the county has a population of 12,345 people"
2.county - the largest administrative district within a state; "the county plans to build a new road"

COUNTY. A district into which a state is divided.
     2. The United States are generally divided into counties; counties are divided into townships or towns.
     3. In Pennsylvania the division of the province into three Counties, viz. Philadelphia, Bucks and Chester, was one of the earliest acts of William Penn, the original proprietary. There is no printed record of this division, or of the original boundaries of these counties. Proud says it was made about the year 1682. Proud's Hist. vol. 1 p. 234 vol. 2, p. 258.
     4. In some states, as Illinois; 1 Breese, R. 115; a county is considered as a corporation, in others it is only a quasi corporation. 16 Mass. R. 87; 2 Mass. R. 644 7 Mass. R. 461; 1 Greenl. R. 125; 3 Greenl. R. 131; 9 Greenl. R. 88; 8 John. R. 385; 3 Munf. R. 102. Frequent difficulties arise on the division of a county. On this subject, see 16 Mass. R. 86 6 J. J. Marsh. 147; 4 Halst. R. 357; 5 Watts, R. 87 1 Cowen, R. 550; 6 Cowen, R. 642; Cowen, R. 640; 4 Yeates, R. 399 10 Mass. Rep. 290; 11 Mass. Rep. 339.
     5. In the English law this word signifies the same as shire, county being derived from the French and shire from the Saxon. Both these words signify a circuit or portion of the realm, into which the whole land is divided, for the better government thereof, and the more easy administration of justice. There is no part of England that is not within some county, and the shire-reve, (sheriff) originally a yearly officer, was the governor of the county. Four of the counties of England, viz. Lancaster, Chester, Durham and Ely, were called counties Palatine, which were jurisdictions of a peculiar nature, and held by, especial charter from the king. See stat. 27 H. VIII. c. 25.

Kreis, ally, archbishopric, archdiocese, archduchy, archdukedom, arrondissement, bailiwick, bishopric, body politic, borough, buffer state, canton, captive nation, chieftaincy, chieftainry, city, city-state, colony, commonweal, commonwealth, commune, congressional district, constablewick, country, departement, diocese, district, domain, dominion, duchy, dukedom, earldom, electoral district, electorate, empery, empire, free city, government, grand duchy, hamlet, hundred, kingdom, land, magistracy, mandant, mandate, mandated territory, mandatee, mandatory, metropolis, metropolitan area, nation, nationality, oblast, okrug, parish, polis, polity, possession, power, precinct, principality, principate, protectorate, province, puppet government, puppet regime, realm, region, republic, riding, satellite, seneschalty, settlement, sheriffalty, sheriffwick, shire, shrievalty, soke, sovereign nation, stake, state, sultanate, superpower, territory, toparchia, toparchy, town, township, village, wapentake, ward
Translate County to Spanish, Translate County to German, Translate County to French
country house
country music
country of origin
Country seat
country store
-- County --
county agent
County commissioners
County corporate
county council
County court
county courthouse
county line
county palatine
County rates
county seat
County sessions
county town
coup d'etat
coup d'oeil
Definitions Index: # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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