|v. t.||1.||To speak in defense against; to reply to in defense; |
|2.||To speak or write in return to, as in return to a call or question, or to a speech, declaration, argument, or the like; to reply to (a question, remark, etc.); to respond to.|
|3.||To respond to satisfactorily; to meet successfully by way of explanation, argument, or justification, and the like; to refute.|
|4.||To be or act in return or response to.|
|5.||To render account to or for.|
|6.||To atone; to be punished for.|
|7.||To be opposite to; to face.|
|8.||To be or act an equivalent to, or as adequate or sufficient for; to serve for; to repay.|
|9.||To be or act in accommodation, conformity, relation, or proportion to; to correspond to; to suit.|
|v. i.||1.||To speak or write by way of return (originally, to a charge), or in reply; to make response.|
|2.||To make a satisfactory response or return.|
|3.||To be or act in return.|
|4.||To be opposite, or to act in opposition.|
|n.||1.||A reply to a charge; a defense.|
|2.||Something said or written in reply to a question, a call, an argument, an address, or the like; a reply.|
|3.||Something done in return for, or in consequence of, something else; a responsive action.|
|4.||A solution, the result of a mathematical operation; as, the answer to a problem.|
|5.||(Law) A counter-statement of facts in a course of pleadings; a confutation of what the other party has alleged; a responsive declaration by a witness in reply to a question. In Equity, it is the usual form of defense to the complainant's charges in his bill.|
|Noun||1.||answer - a statement (either spoken or written) that is made in reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation; "I waited several days for his answer"; "he wrote replies to several of his critics"|
|2.||answer - a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem; "they were trying to find a peaceful solution"; "the answers were in the back of the book"; "he computed the result to four decimal places"|
|3.||answer - the speech act of replying to a question|
|4.||answer - the principle pleading by the defendant in response to plaintiff's complaint; in criminal law it consists of the defendant's plea of `guilty' or `not guilty' (or nolo contendere); in civil law it must contain denials of all allegations in the plaintiff's complaint that the defendant hopes to controvert and it can contain affirmative defenses or counterclaims|
|5.||answer - a nonverbal reaction; "his answer to any problem was to get drunk"; "their answer was to sue me"|
|Verb||1.||answer - reply or respond to; "She didn't want to answer"; "answer the question"; "We answered that we would accept the invitation"|
|2.||answer - give the correct answer or solution to; "answer a question"; "answer the riddle"|
|3.||answer - respond to a signal; "answer the door"; "answer the telephone"|
|4.||answer - understand the meaning of; "The question concerning the meaning of life cannot be answered"|
|5.||answer - give a defence or refutation of (a charge) or in (an argument); "The defendant answered to all the charges of the prosecution"|
|6.||answer - be liable or accountable; "She must answer for her actions"|
|7.||answer - be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity; "A few words would answer"; "This car suits my purpose well"; "Will $100 do?"; "A 'B' grade doesn't suffice to get me into medical school"; "Nothing else will serve"|
|8.||answer - match or correspond; "The drawing of the suspect answers to the description the victim gave"|
|9.||answer - be satisfactory for; meet the requirements of or serve the purpose of; "This may answer her needs"|
|10.||answer - react to a stimulus or command; "The steering of my new car answers to the slightest touch"|
ANSWER, pleading in equity. A defence in writing made by a defendant, to the
charges contained in a bill or information, filed by the plaintiff against
him in a court of equity. The word answer involves a double sense; it is one
thing when it simply replies to a question, another when it meets a charge;
the answer in equity includes both senses, and may be divided into an
examination and a defence. In that part which consists of an examination, a
direct and full answer, or reply, must in general be given to every question
asked. In that part which consists of a defence, the defendant must state
his, case distinctly; but is not required to give information respecting the
proofs that are to maintain it. Gresl. Eq. Ev. 19.
2. As a defendant is called by a bill or information to make a discovery of the several charges it contains, he must do so, unless he is protected either by a demurrer a plea or disclaimer. It may be laid down as an invariable rule, that whatever part of a bill or information is not covered by one of these, must be defended by answer. Redesd. Tr. Ch. Pl. 244.
3. In form, it usually begins, 1st, with its title, specifying which of the defendants it is the answer of, and the names of the plaintiffs in the cause in which it is filed as answer; 2d, it reserves to the defendant all the advantages which might be taken by exception to the bill; 3d, the substance of the answer, according to the defendant's knowledge, remembrance, information and belief, then follows, in which the matter of the bill, with the interrogatories founded thereon, are answered, one after the other, together with such additional matter as the defendant thinks necessary to bring forward in his, defence, either for the purpose of qualifying, or adding to, the case made by the bill, or to state a new case on his own behalf; 4th, this is followed by a general traverse or denial of all unlawful combinations charged in the bill, and of all other matters therein contained 5th, the answer is always upon oath or affirmation, except in the case of a corporation, in which case it is under the corporate seal.
4. In substance, the answer ought to contain, 1st, a statement of facts and not arguments 2d, a confession and avoidance, or traverse and denial of the material parts of the bill 3d, its language ought to be direct and without evasion. Vide generally as to answers, Redes. Tr. Ch. Pl. 244 to 254; Coop. Pl. Eq. 312 to 327; Beames Pl. Eq. 34 et seq.; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t. For an historical account of this instrument, see 2 Bro. Civ. Law, 371, n. and Barton's Hist. Treatise of a Suit in Equity.
ANSWER, practice. The declaration of a fact by a witness after a question
has been put asking for it.
2. If a witness unexpectedly state facts against the interest of the party calling him, other witnesses may be called by the same party, to disprove those facts. But the party calling a witness cannot discredit him, by calling witnesses to prove his bad character for truth and veracity, or by proving that he has made statements out of court contrary to what he has sworn on the trial; B. N. P.; for the production of the witness is virtually an assertion by the party producing him, that he is credible.