|n.||1.||The act of translating, removing, or transferring; removal; also, the state of being translated or removed; |
|2.||The act of rendering into another language; interpretation; |
|3.||That which is obtained by translating something a version; |
|4.||(Rhet.) A transfer of meaning in a word or phrase, a metaphor; a tralation.|
|5.||(Metaph.) Transfer of meaning by association; association of ideas.|
|6.||(Kinematics) Motion in which all the points of the moving body have at any instant the same velocity and direction of motion; - opposed to rotation.|
|Noun||1.||translation - a written communication in a second language having the same meaning as the written communication in a first language|
|2.||translation - a uniform movement without rotation|
|3.||translation - the act of changing in form or shape or appearance; "a photograph is a translation of a scene onto a two-dimensional surface"|
|4.||translation - (mathematics) a transformation in which the origin of the coordinate system is moved to another position but the direction of each axis remains the same|
|5.||translation - (genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm|
|6.||translation - rewording something in less technical terminology|
|7.||translation - the act of uniform movement|
TRANSLATION. The copy made in one language of what has been written, or
spoken in another.
2. In pleading, when a libel or an agreement, written in a foreign language, must be averred, it is necessary that a translation of it should also be given.
3. In evidence, when a witness is unable to speak the English language so as to convey his ideas, a translation of his testimony must be made. In that case, an interpreter should be sworn to translate to him, on oath, the questions propounded to him, and to translate to the court and jury his answers. 4 Mass. 81; 5 Mass. 219; 2 Caines' Rep. 155; Louis. Code of Pr. 784, 5.
4. It has been determined that a copyright may exist in a translation, as a literary work. 3 Ves. & Bea. 77; 2 Meriv. 441, n.
5. In the ecclesiastical law, translation denotes the removal from one place to another.; as, the bishop was translated from the diocese of A, to that of B. In the civil law, translation signifies the transfer of property. Clef des Lois Rom. h.t.
6. Swinburne applies the term translation to the bestowing of a legacy which had been given to one, on another; this is a species of ademption, (q.v.) but it differs from it in this, that there may be an ademption without a translation, but there can be no translation without an ademption. Bac. Ab. Legacies, C.
7. By translation is also meant the transfer of property, but in this sense it is seldom used. 2 Bl. Com. 294. Vide Interpreter.