|n.||1.||The act of parting or dividing; the state of being parted; separation; division; distribution; |
|2.||That which divides or separates; that by which different things, or distinct parts of the same thing, are separated; separating boundary; dividing line or space; specifically, an interior wall dividing one part or apartment of a house, a compartment of a room, an inclosure, or the like, from another; |
|3.||A part divided off by walls; an apartment; a compartment.|
|4.||(Law.) The severance of common or undivided interests, particularly in real estate. It may be effected by consent of parties, or by compulsion of law.|
|5.||(Mus.) A score.|
|v. t.||1.||To divide into parts or shares; to divide and distribute; |
|2.||To divide into distinct parts by lines, walls, etc.; |
|Noun||1.||partition - a vertical structure that divides or separates (as a wall divides one room from another)|
|2.||partition - the act of dividing or partitioning; separation by the creation of a boundary that divides or keeps apart|
|3.||partition - (computer science) the part of a hard disk that is dedicated to a particular operating system or application and accessed as a single unit|
|Verb||1.||partition - divide into parts, pieces, or sections; "The Arab peninsula was partitioned by the British"|
Synonyms: partition off
|2.||partition - separate or apportion into sections; "partition a room off"|
PARTITION, conveyancing. A deed of partition is, one by which lands held in
joint tenancy, coparcenary, or in common, are divided into distinct
portions, and allotted to the several parties, who take them in severalty.
2. In the old deeds of partition, it was merely agreed that one should enjoy a particular part, and the other, another part, in severalty; but it is now the practice for the parties mutually to convey and assure to each other the different estates which they are to take in severalty, under the partition. Cruise Dig. t. 32, c. 6, s. 15.
PARTITION, ?states. The division which is made between several persons, of
lands, tenements, or hereditaments, or of goods and chattels which belong to
them as co-heirs or co-proprietors. The term is more technically applied to
the division of real estate made between coparceners, tenants in common or
2. The act of partition ascertains and fixes what each of the co- proprietors is entitled to have in severalty
3. Partition is either voluntary, or involuntary, by compulsion. Voluntary partition is made by the owners of the estate, and by a conveyance or release of that part to each other which is to be held by him in severalty.
4. Compulsory partition is made by virtue of special laws providing that remedy. "It is presumed," says Chancellor Kent, 4 Com. 360, "that the English statutes of 31 and 32 Henry VIII. have been generally reenacted and adopted in this country, and probably, with increased facilities for partition." In some states the courts of law have jurisdiction; the courts of equity have for a long time exercised jurisdiction in awarding partition. 1 Johns. Ch. R. 113; 1 Johns. Ch. R. 302; 4 Randolph's R. 493; State Eq. Rep. S. C. 106. In Massachusetts, the statute authorizes a partition to be effected by petition without writ. 15 Mass. R. 155; 2 Mass. Rep. 462. In Pennsylvania, intestates' estates, may be divided upon petition to the orphans' court. By the civil code of Louisiana, art. 1214, et seq., partition of a succession may be made. Vide, generally, Cruise's Dig. tit. 32, ch. 6, s. 1 5; Com. Dig. Pleader, 3 F; Id. Parcener, C; Id. vol. viii. Append. h.t. 16 Vin. Ab. 217; 1 Supp. to Yes. jr. 168, 171; Civ. Code of Louis. B. 3, t. 1, c. 8.
5. Courts of equity exercise jurisdiction in cases of partition on various grounds, in cases of such complication of titles, when no adequate remedy can be had at law; 17 Ves. 551; 2 Freem. 26; but even in such cases the remedy in equity is more complete, for equity directs conveyances to be made, by which the title is more secure. "Partition at law, and in equity," says Lord Redesdale, "are very different things. The first operates by the judgment of a court of law, and delivering up possession in pursuance of it, which concludes all the parties to it. Partition in equity proceeds upon conveyances to be executed by the parties; and if the parties be not competent to execute the conveyance, the partition cannot be effectually had." 2 Sch. & Lef. 371. See 1 Hill. Ab. c. 55, where may be found an abstract of the laws of the several states on this subject.
|1.||(storage)||partition - A logical section of a disk. Each partition normally has its own file system. Unix tends to treat partitions as though they were separate physical entities.|
|2.||(mathematics)||partition - A division of a set into subsets so that each of its elements is in exactly one subset.|