CODE, JUSTINIAN, civil law. A collection of the constitutions of the
emperors, from Adrian to Justinian; the greater part of those from Adrian to
Constantine are mere rescripts; those from Constantine to Justinian are
edicts or laws, properly speaking.
2. The code is divided into twelve books, which are subdivided into
titles, in which the constitutions are collected under proper heads. They
are placed in chronological order, but often disjointed. At the head of each
constitution is placed the name of the emperor who is the author, and that
of the person to whom it is addressed. The date is at the end. Several of
these constitutions, which were formerly in the code were lost, it is
supposed by the neglect of "copyists. Some of them have been restored by
modern authors, among whom may be mentioned Charondas, Cugas, and Contius,
who translated them from Greek, versions.
, Justinian I
, Justinian the Great