INSURANCE ON LIVES, contracts. The insurance of a life is a contract whereby
the insurer, in consideration of a certain premium, either in a gross sum or
periodical payments, undertakes to pay the person for whose benefit the
insurance is made, a stipulated sum, or an annuity equivalent thereto, upon
the death of the person whose life is insured, whenever this shall happen,
if the insurance be for the whole life, or in case this shall happen within
a certain period if the insurance be for a limited time. 2 Marsh. Ins. 766;
Park on Insurance, 429.
2. The insured is required to make a representation or declaration, previous to the policy being issued, of the age and state of health of the person whose life is insured and the party making it is bound to the truth of it. Park, Ins. 650; Marsh. Ins. 771; 4 Taunt. R. 763.
3. In almost every life policy there are several exceptions, some of them applicable to all cases, others to the case of insurance of one's life. The exceptions are, 1. Death abroad, or at sea. 2. Entering into the naval or military service without the previous consent of the insurers. 3. Death by suicide. 4. Death by duelling. 5. Death by the hand of justice. The last three are not understood to be excepted when the insurance is on another's life. 1 Bell's Com. 631, 5th ed. See 1 Beck's Med. Jur. 518.