|1.||A door in the back part of a building; hence, an indirect way.|
|Noun||1.||back door - a secret or underhand means of access (to a place or a position); "he got his job through the back door"|
|2.||back door - an entrance at the rear of a building|
Synonyms: back entrance
|(security)||back door - (Or "trap door", "wormhole"). A hole in the
security of a system deliberately left in place by designers
or maintainers. The motivation for such holes is not always
sinister; some operating systems, for example, come out of
the box with privileged accounts intended for use by field
service technicians or the vendor's maintenance programmers.
See also iron box, cracker, worm, logic bomb.|
Historically, back doors have often lurked in systems longer than anyone expected or planned, and a few have become widely known. The infamous RTM worm of late 1988, for example, used a back door in the BSD Unix "sendmail(8)" utility.
Ken Thompson's 1983 Turing Award lecture to the ACM revealed the existence of a back door in early Unix versions that may have qualified as the most fiendishly clever security hack of all time. The C compiler contained code that would recognise when the "login" command was being recompiled and insert some code recognizing a password chosen by Thompson, giving him entry to the system whether or not an account had been created for him.
Normally such a back door could be removed by removing it from the source code for the compiler and recompiling the compiler. But to recompile the compiler, you have to *use* the compiler - so Thompson also arranged that the compiler would *recognise when it was compiling a version of itself*, and insert into the recompiled compiler the code to insert into the recompiled "login" the code to allow Thompson entry - and, of course, the code to recognise itself and do the whole thing again the next time around! And having done this once, he was then able to recompile the compiler from the original sources; the hack perpetuated itself invisibly, leaving the back door in place and active but with no trace in the sources.
The talk that revealed this truly moby hack was published as ["Reflections on Trusting Trust", "Communications of the ACM 27", 8 (August 1984), pp. 761--763].