|n.||1.||Confirmation of anything established; ratification; |
|2.||The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; - opposed to |
|3.||That which is asserted; an assertion; a positive statement; an averment; |
|4.||(Law) A solemn declaration made under the penalties of perjury, by persons who conscientiously decline taking an oath, which declaration is in law equivalent to an oath.|
|Noun||1.||affirmation - a statement asserting the existence or the truth of something|
|2.||affirmation - the act of affirming or asserting or stating something|
|3.||affirmation - (religion) a solemn declaration that serves the same purpose as an oath (if an oath is objectionable to the person on religious or ethical grounds)|
|4.||affirmation - a judgment by a higher court that the judgment of a lower court was correct and should stand|
reversal - a judgment by a higher court that the judgment of a lower court was incorrect and should be set aside
AFFIRMATION, practice. A solemn declaration and asseveration, which a
witness makes before an officer, competent to administer an oath in a like
case, to tell the truth, as if be had been sworn.
2. In the United States, generally, all witnesses who declare themselves conscientiously scrupulous against taking a corporal oath, are permitted to make a solemn affirmation, and this in all cases, as well criminal as civil.
3. In England, laws have been enacted which partially relieve persons who, have conscientious scruples against taking an oath, and authorize them to make affirmation. In France, the laws which allow freedom of religious opinion, have received the liberal construction that all persons are to be sworn or affirmed according to the dictates of their consciences; and a quaker's affirmation has been received and held of the same effect as an oath. Merl. Quest. de Droit, mot Serment, Sec. 1.
4. The form is to this effect: "You, A B, do solemnly, sincerely, and truly declare and affirm," &c. For the violation of the truth in such case, the witness is subject to the punishment of perjury as if he had been sworn.
5. Affirmation also means confirming; as, an affirmative statute.