|1.||The quality of being heavy; that property of bodies by which they tend toward the center of the earth; the effect of gravitative force, especially when expressed in certain units or standards, as pounds, grams, etc.|
|2.||The quantity of heaviness; comparative tendency to the center of the earth; the quantity of matter as estimated by the balance, or expressed numerically with reference to some standard unit; as, a mass of stone having the weight of five hundred pounds.|
|3.||Hence, pressure; burden; as, the weight of care or business.|
|4.||Importance; power; influence; efficacy; consequence; moment; impressiveness; as, a consideration of vast weight.|
|5.||A scale, or graduated standard, of heaviness; a mode of estimating weight; as, avoirdupois weight; troy weight; apothecaries' weight.|
|6.||A ponderous mass; something heavy; as, a clock weight; a paper weight.|
|7.||A definite mass of iron, lead, brass, or other metal, to be used for ascertaining the weight of other bodies; as, an ounce weight.|
|8.||(Mech.) The resistance against which a machine acts, as opposed to the power which moves it.|
|v. t.||1.||To load with a weight or weights; to load down; to make heavy; to attach weights to; as, to weight a horse or a jockey at a race; to weight a whip handle.|
|2.||(Astron. & Physics) To assign a weight to; to express by a number the probable accuracy of, as an observation. See |
|3.||(Dyeing) To load (fabrics) as with barite, to increase the weight, etc.|
|4.||(Math.) to assign a numerical value expressing relative importance to (a measurement), to be multiplied by the value of the measurement in determining averages or other aggregate quantities; as, they weighted part one of the test twice as heavily as part 2.|
|Noun||1.||weight - the vertical force exerted by a mass as a result of gravity|
|2.||weight - sports equipment used in calisthenic exercises and weightlifting; a weight that is not attached to anything and is raised and lowered by use of the hands and arms|
|3.||weight - the relative importance granted to something; "his opinion carries great weight"|
|4.||weight - an artifact that is heavy|
|5.||weight - an oppressive feeling of heavy force; "bowed down by the weight of responsibility"|
|6.||weight - a system of units used to express the weight of something|
Synonyms: system of weights
|7.||weight - a unit used to measure weight; "he placed two weights in the scale pan"|
Synonyms: weight unit
|8.||weight - (statistics) a coefficient assigned to elements of a frequency distribution in order to represent their relative importance|
|Verb||1.||weight - weight down with a load|
|2.||weight - present with a bias; "He biased his presentation so as to please the share holders"|
WEIGHT. A quality in natural bodies, by which they tend towards the centre
of the earth.
2. Under the article Measure, (q.v.) it is said that by the constitution congress possesses the power "to fix the standard of weights and measures," and that this power has not been exercised.
3. The weights now generally used in the United States, are the same as those of England; they are of two kinds:
1. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 1st. Used in almost all commercial transactions, and in the common dealings of life. 27 1/3 1/2 grains = 1 dram 16 drams = 1 ounce 16 ounces = 1 pound, (lb.) 28 pounds = 1 quarter, (qr.) 4 quarters = 1 hundred weight, (cwt.) 20 hundred weight = 1 ton. 2d. Used for meat and fish. 8 pounds = 1 stone 3d. Used in the wool trade.
Cwt. qr. lb. 7 pounds = 1 clove 14 pounds = 1 stone = 0 0 14 2 stones = 1 tod = 0 1 0 6 1/2 tods = 1 wey = 1 2 14 2 weys = 1 sack = 3 1 0 12 sacks = 1 last = 39 0 0 4th. Used for butter and cheese. 8 pounds = 1 clove 56 pounds = 1 firkin.
2. TROY WEIGHT. 24 grams = 1 pennyweight 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce 12 ounces = 1 pound.