Pronunciation: strān
n.1.Race; stock; generation; descent; family.
He is of a noble strain.
- Shak.
2.Hereditary character, quality, or disposition.
3.Rank; a sort.
4.(Hort.) A cultural subvariety that is only slightly differentiated.
v. t.1.To draw with force; to extend with great effort; to stretch; as, to strain a rope; to strain the shrouds of a ship; to strain the cords of a musical instrument.
[imp. & p. p. Strained ; p. pr. & vb. n. Straining.]
2.(Mech.) To act upon, in any way, so as to cause change of form or volume, as forces on a beam to bend it.
3.To exert to the utmost; to ply vigorously.
4.To stretch beyond its proper limit; to do violence to, in the matter of intent or meaning; as, to strain the law in order to convict an accused person.
5.To injure by drawing, stretching, or the exertion of force; as, the gale strained the timbers of the ship.
6.To injure in the muscles or joints by causing to make too strong an effort; to harm by overexertion; to sprain; as, to strain a horse by overloading; to strain the wrist; to strain a muscle.
7.To squeeze; to press closely.
8.To make uneasy or unnatural; to produce with apparent effort; to force; to constrain.
9.To urge with importunity; to press; as, to strain a petition or invitation.
Note, if your lady strain his entertainment.
- Shak.
10.To press, or cause to pass, through a strainer, as through a screen, a cloth, or some porous substance; to purify, or separate from extraneous or solid matter, by filtration; to filter; as, to strain milk through cloth.
To strain a point
to make a special effort; especially, to do a degree of violence to some principle or to one's own feelings.
To strain courtesy
to go beyond what courtesy requires; to insist somewhat too much upon the precedence of others; - often used ironically.
- Shak.
v. i.1.To make violent efforts.
To build his fortune I will strain a little.
- Shak.
2.To percolate; to be filtered; as, water straining through a sandy soil.
n.1.The act of straining, or the state of being strained.
2.A violent effort; an excessive and hurtful exertion or tension, as of the muscles; as, he lifted the weight with a strain; the strain upon a ship's rigging in a gale; also, the hurt or injury resulting; a sprain.
Credit is gained by custom, and seldom recovers a strain.
- Sir W. Temple.
2.(Mus.) A portion of music divided off by a double bar; a complete musical period or sentence; a movement, or any rounded subdivision of a movement.
Their heavenly harps a lower strain began.
- Dryden.
3.(Mech. Physics) A change of form or dimensions of a solid or liquid mass, produced by a stress.
3.Any sustained note or movement; a song; a distinct portion of an ode or other poem; also, the pervading note, or burden, of a song, poem, oration, book, etc.; theme; motive; manner; style; also, a course of action or conduct; as, he spoke in a noble strain; there was a strain of woe in his story; a strain of trickery appears in his career.
Such take too high a strain at first.
- Bacon.
The genius and strain of the book of Proverbs.
- Tillotson.
4.Turn; tendency; inborn disposition. Cf. 1st Strain.
Noun1.strain - (physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces
2.strain - difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension; "she endured the stresses and strains of life"; "he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"- R.J.Samuelson
Synonyms: stress
3.Strainstrain - a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; "she was humming an air from Beethoven"
4.strain - (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress; "his responsibilities were a constant strain"; "the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him"
5.strain - a special variety of domesticated animals within a species; "he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"; "he created a new strain of sheep"
Synonyms: breed, stock
6.strain - (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups; "a new strain of microorganisms"
Synonyms: var., variant, form
7.strain - a lineage or race of people
Synonyms: breed
8.strain - injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain
9.strain - pervading note of an utterance; "I could follow the general tenor of his argument"
Synonyms: tenor
10.strain - an effortful attempt to attain a goal
Synonyms: nisus, pains, striving
11.strain - an intense or violent exertion
Synonyms: straining
12.strain - the act of singing; "with a shout and a song they marched up to the gates"
Synonyms: song
Verb1.strain - to exert much effort or energy; "straining our ears to hear"
Synonyms: strive, reach
2.strain - test the limits of; "You are trying my patience!"
Synonyms: stress, try
3.strain - use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity; "He really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro"; "Don't strain your mind too much"
Synonyms: extend
4.strain - separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements; "sift the flour"
Synonyms: sift, sieve
5.strain - make tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious;
Synonyms: tense up, tense
make relaxed, unlax, unstrain, unwind, relax, loosen up - cause to feel relaxed; "A hot bath always relaxes me"
6.strain - stretch or force to the limit; "strain the rope"
Synonyms: tense
7.strain - remove by passing through a filter; "filter out the impurities"
8.strain - rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender; "puree the vegetables for the baby"
Synonyms: puree
9.strain - alter the shape of (something) by stress; "His body was deformed by leprosy"
Synonyms: deform, distort
Spenserian stanza, abrade, affectation, affiliation, agitation, aim, air, all-overs, anacrusis, ancestry, angst, animal kingdom, animus, antistrophe, anxiety, anxiety hysteria, anxiety neurosis, anxious bench, anxious concern, anxious seat, anxiousness, apparentation, apprehension, apprehensiveness, aptitude, aria, back down, balance, balk, bark, bass passage, be determined, belie, bent, bias, bid for, birth, bleed, blemish, blench, bloat, bloating, blood, bloodline, bloody, boggle, bolt, book, bourdon, bracket, brain fag, branch, brand, break, breaking point, bridge, brood, burden, burn, cadence, camouflage, cankerworm of care, canto, cantus, care, cast, caste, category, chafe, character, check, chill, chilliness, chip, chorus, clan, clarify, class, claw, clear, coda, coldness, color, command of language, common ancestry, community, complexion, concern, concernment, consanguinity, constitution, contend for, continue, coolness, couplet, crack, crane, craze, culture, cut, damage, debate, debilitation, debility, decrassify, deliberate, demand, deme, demur, denomination, depurate, derivation, descant, descendants, descent, description, designation, determination, development, diathesis, direct line, disaffinity, discharge, disguise, disposition, disquiet, disquietude, distaff side, distension, distich, distill, distort, distress, disturbance, division, draft, drag, drag out, drain, draw, draw off, draw out, dread, dress up, drift, drive, eccentricity, edulcorate, effort, effuse, elongate, elongation, elute, embellish, embroider, emit, endeavor, enervation, enfeeblement, enmity, envoi, epode, essentialize, estate, ethnic group, evidence, exaggeration, exceed, excrete, exertion, exfiltrate, exposition, expression of ideas, extend, extension, extract, extraction, extravasate, extreme tension, exudate, exude, eyestrain, faintness, falsify, falter, family, fashion, fatigue, fear, feather, feeling for words, female line, fight shy of, figure, filiation, filtrate, flinch, folderol, folk, force, foreboding, forebodingness, form, form of speech, fracture, fray, frazzle, fret, frost, fudge, gag, gall, garble, gash, genre, gens, genus, gild, give off, gloss, gloss over, goneness, grace of expression, grade, grain, grandiloquence, group, grouping, hang back, hang off, harass, harmonic close, haul, have qualms, head, heading, heart strain, heave, hem and haw, heptastich, heritage, hesitate, hexastich, hint, hold off, house, hover, hum and haw, humor, hurt, iciness, idiosyncrasy, ilk, impair, impression, incise, inclination, incompatibility, incompatibleness, indication, individualism, inflate, inflation, inhospitality, inimicality, injury, inquietude, interlude, intermezzo, introductory phrase, irk, jadedness, jib, kidney, kin, label, labor, lacerate, languor, lassitude, lay, leach, leaning, lengthen, lengthen out, lengthening, let out, level, line, line of descent, lineage, literary style, lixiviate, lot, lug, maim, make, make an effort, make bones about, make mincemeat of, makeup, malaise, male line, manner, manner of speaking, mannerism, mark, mask, matriclan, maul, measure, melodia, melodic line, melody, mental fatigue, mental set, mental strain, mettle, mind, mind-set, miscite, miscolor, misconstrue, misdirect, misgiving, misinterpret, misquote, misrender, misreport, misrepresent, misstate, misuse, mode, mode of expression, moil, mold, monostich, mood, movement, music, musical phrase, musical sentence, mutilate, nation, nationality, nature, nervous strain, nervous tension, nervousness, note, number, obligation, octastich, octave, octet, ooze, order, ornament, ottava rima, overanxiety, overburden, overcarrying, overdevelop, overdistend, overdistension, overdoing, overdraw, overdrawing, overemphasis, overexercise, overexert, overexertion, overexpand, overexpansion, overexpenditure, overextend, overextension, overimportance, overreaching, overreaction, overstate, overstrain, overstraining, overstress, overstretch, overstretching, overtax, overtaxing, overtiredness, overuse, overwork, pain, parentage, part, passage, patriclan, pause, peculiarity, pedigree, pentastich, people, percolate, period, personal conflict, personal style, persuasion, perturbation, pervert, phrase, phratry, phylum, pierce, pigeonhole, pins and needles, plant kingdom, ponder, position, predicament, predilection, predisposition, preference, press, pressure, proclivity, produce, production, prolong, prolongate, prolongation, propensity, protract, protraction, pucker, pull, pull back, pull for, puncture, purify, push, quail, quality, quatrain, race, rack, rank, rating, recoil, rectify, reek, refine, refrain, rend, resolution, resolve, response, retreat, rhetoric, rhyme royal, rip, ritornello, roots, rubric, run, rupture, savage, scald, scorch, scotch, scrape, scratch, scruple, scuff, section, seed, seek, seep, sense of language, separate, sept, septet, sestet, set, sew, sextet, shape, shilly-shally, shrink, shy, shy at, side, sieve, sift, sign, skin, slant, slash, sleepiness, slit, snapping point, society, solicitude, solo, solo part, song, soprano part, sort, sound, soupcon, spear side, species, speech community, spin out, spindle side, spirit, spiritualize, stab, stamp, stance fatigue, stanza, statement, station, status, stave, stem, stew, stick, stick at, stickle, stirps, stop to consider, straddle the fence, strain at, strain every nerve, strain for, straining, strains, stratum, streak, stress, stress and strain, stressfulness, stretch out, stretching, string out, stringing out, stripe, strive, strive for, striving, strophe, struggle, struggle for, study, stumble, style, stylistic analysis, stylistics, subdivision, subgroup, sublimate, sublime, suborder, succession, suggestion, supererogation, surpass, suspense, suspicion, sweat, sweat blood, swell, swelling, sword side, syllable, tailpiece, tauten, tautness, tax, taxing, tear, temper, temperament, tendency, tenor, tense, tenseness, tension, tercet, terza rima, tetrastich, the grand style, the like of, the likes of, the plain style, the sublime, theme, think twice about, thread, tiredness, titivate, title, toil, tone, torture, totem, trace, trait, transpire, transude, traumatize, treble, tribe, trick, trick out, triplet, tristich, trouble, try, try for, try hard, tug, tune, turn, turn of mind, tutti, tutti passage, twist, type, unamiability, uncordiality, understate, uneasiness, unfriendliness, ungeniality, unquietness, unsociability, upset, variation, varnish, vein, verse, vestige, vexation, warp, waver, way, weakness, wearifulness, weariness, weep, whitewash, wince, winnow, withdraw, work, worry, wound, wrench, yield, zeal
Translate Strain to Spanish, Translate Strain to German, Translate Strain to French
straighten out
straighten up
-- Strain --
strain gage
strain gauge
strainer vine
Straining piece
strait and narrow
Strait of Calais
Strait of Dover
Strait of Georgia
Strait of Gibraltar
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