Pronunciation: stǒk
n.1.The stem, or main body, of a tree or plant; the fixed, strong, firm part; the trunk.
2.The stem or branch in which a graft is inserted.
The scion overruleth the stock quite.
- Bacon.
3.A block of wood; something fixed and solid; a pillar; a firm support; a post.
4.Hence, a person who is as dull and lifeless as a stock or post; one who has little sense.
Let's be no stoics, nor no stocks.
- Shak.
5.The principal supporting part; the part in which others are inserted, or to which they are attached.
6.The wood to which the barrel, lock, etc., of a rifle or like firearm are secured; also, a long, rectangular piece of wood, which is an important part of several forms of gun carriage.
6.The original progenitor; also, the race or line of a family; the progenitor of a family and his direct descendants; lineage; family.
7.The handle or contrivance by which bits are held in boring; a bitstock; a brace.
7.(Finance) Money or capital which an individual or a firm employs in business; fund; in the United States, the capital of a bank or other company, in the form of transferable shares, each of a certain amount; money funded in government securities, called also the public funds; in the plural, property consisting of shares in joint-stock companies, or in the obligations of a government for its funded debt; - so in the United States, but in England the latter only are called stocks, and the former shares.
8.(Joinery) The block of wood or metal frame which constitutes the body of a plane, and in which the plane iron is fitted; a plane stock.
8.(Bookkeeping) Same as Stock account, below.
9.(Naut.) The wooden or iron crosspiece to which the shank of an anchor is attached. See Illust. of Anchor.
9.Supply provided; store; accumulation; especially, a merchant's or manufacturer's store of goods; as, to lay in a stock of provisions.
Add to that stock which justly we bestow.
- Dryden.
10.The support of the block in which an anvil is fixed, or of the anvil itself.
10.(Agric.) Domestic animals or beasts collectively, used or raised on a farm; as, a stock of cattle or of sheep, etc.; - called also live stock.
11.A handle or wrench forming a holder for the dies for cutting screws; a diestock.
11.(Card Playing) That portion of a pack of cards not distributed to the players at the beginning of certain games, as gleek, etc., but which might be drawn from afterward as occasion required; a bank.
I must buy the stock; send me good cardings.
- Beau. & Fl.
12.The part of a tally formerly struck in the exchequer, which was delivered to the person who had lent the king money on account, as the evidence of indebtedness. See Counterfoil.
12.A thrust with a rapier; a stoccado.
13.A covering for the leg, or leg and foot; as, upper stocks (breeches); nether stocks (stockings).
With a linen stock on one leg.
- Shak.
14.A kind of stiff, wide band or cravat for the neck; as, a silk stock.
15.A frame of timber, with holes in which the feet, or the feet and hands, of criminals were formerly confined by way of punishment.
He shall rest in my stocks.
- Piers Plowman.
16.(Shipbuilding) The frame or timbers on which a ship rests while building.
17.Red and gray bricks, used for the exterior of walls and the front of buildings.
18.(Bot.) Any cruciferous plant of the genus Matthiola; as, common stock (Matthiola incana) (see Gilly-flower); ten-weeks stock (M. annua).
19.(Geol.) An irregular metalliferous mass filling a large cavity in a rock formation, as a stock of lead ore deposited in limestone.
20.A race or variety in a species.
21.(Biol.) In tectology, an aggregate or colony of persons (see Person), as trees, chains of salpæ, etc.
22.The beater of a fulling mill.
23.(Cookery) A liquid or jelly containing the juices and soluble parts of meat, and certain vegetables, etc., extracted by cooking; - used in making soup, gravy, etc.
24.Raw material; that out of which something is manufactured; as, paper stock.
25.(Soap Making) A plain soap which is made into toilet soap by adding perfumery, coloring matter, etc.
Bit stock
See Bitstock.
Dead stock
(Agric.) the implements of husbandry, and produce stored up for use; - in distinction from live stock, or the domestic animals on the farm. See def. 10, above.
Head stock
See Headstock.
Paper stock
rags and other material of which paper is made.
Stock account
(Bookkeeping) an account on a merchant's ledger, one side of which shows the original capital, or stock, and the additions thereto by accumulation or contribution, the other side showing the amounts withdrawn.
Stock car
a railway car for carrying cattle.
Stock company
(Com.) an incorporated company the capital of which is represented by marketable shares having a certain equal par value.
Stock duck
(Zool.) the mallard.
Stock exchange
a - The building or place where stocks are bought and sold; stock market; hence, transactions of all kinds in stocks
b - An association or body of stockbrokers who meet and transact business by certain recognized forms, regulations, and usages
Stock farmer
a farmer who makes it his business to rear live stock.
- Wharton. Brande & C.
Stock gillyflower
(Bot.) the common stock. See Stock, n., 18.
Stock gold
gold laid up so as to form a stock, or hoard.
Stock in trade
the goods kept for sale by a shopkeeper; the fittings and appliances of a workman.
Stock list
a list of stocks, or shares, dealt in, of transactions, and of prices.
- Simmonds.
Stock lock
a lock inclosed in a wooden case and attached to the face of a door.
Stock market
a - A place where stocks are bought and sold; the stock exchange
b - A market for live stock.
Stock pigeon
(Zool.) Same as Stockdove.
Stock purse
a - A common purse, as distinguished from a private purse.
b - (Mil.) Moneys saved out of the expenses of a company or regiment, and applied to objects of common interest
Stock shave
a tool used by blockmakers.
Stock station
a place or district for rearing stock.
Stock tackle
(Naut.) a tackle used when the anchor is hoisted and secured, to keep its stock clear of the ship's sides.
- W. Howitt.
Stock taking
an examination and inventory made of goods or stock in a shop or warehouse; - usually made periodically.
- Totten.
Tail stock
See Tailstock.
To have something on the stock
to be at work at something.
To take stock
to take account of stock; to make an inventory of stock or goods on hand.
To take stock in
a - To subscribe for, or purchase, shares in a stock company.
- Dickens.
b - To put faith in; to accept as trustworthy; as, to take stock in a person's fidelity
To take stock of
to take account of the stock of; to take an inventory of; hence, to ascertain the facts in regard to (something).
v. t.1.To lay up; to put aside for future use; to store, as merchandise, and the like.
[imp. & p. p. Stocked (stǒkt); p. pr. & vb. n. Stocking.]
2.To provide with material requisites; to store; to fill; to supply; as, to stock a warehouse, that is, to fill it with goods; to stock a farm, that is, to supply it with cattle and tools; to stock land, that is, to occupy it with a permanent growth, especially of grass.
3.To suffer to retain milk for twenty-four hours or more previous to sale, as cows.
4.To put in the stocks.
To stock an anchor
(Naut.) to fit it with a stock, or to fasten the stock firmly in place.
To stock cards
(Card Playing) to arrange cards in a certain manner for cheating purposes; - also called to stack the deck.
To stock down
(Agric.) to sow, as plowed land, with grass seed, in order that it may become swarded, and produce grass.
To stock up
to extirpate; to dig up.
a.1.Used or employed for constant service or application, as if constituting a portion of a stock or supply; standard; permanent; standing; as, a stock actor; a stock play; a stock phrase; a stock response; a stock sermon.
Stock company
(Theater) a company of actors regularly employed at one theater, or permanently acting together in various plays under one management.
Noun1.stock - the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to an ownership interest (equity); "he owns a controlling share of the company's stock"
2.Stockstock - liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces; "she made gravy with a base of beef stock"
Synonyms: broth
3.stock - the merchandise that a shop has on hand; "they carried a vast inventory of hardware"
Synonyms: inventory
4.stock - a supply of something available for future use; "he brought back a large store of Cuban cigars"
Synonyms: fund, store
5.Stockstock - not used technically; any animals kept for use or profit
6.stock - the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has been warriors"
7.stock - the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun; "the rifle had been fitted with a special stock"
Synonyms: gunstock
8.stock - the reputation and popularity a person has; "his stock was so high he could have been elected mayor"
9.stock - a special variety of domesticated animals within a species; "he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"; "he created a new strain of sheep"
Synonyms: breed, strain
10.stock - lumber used in the construction of something; "they will cut round stock to 1-inch diameter"
11.stock - a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation; "the value of his stocks doubled during the past year"
12.stock - any of various ornamental flowering plants of the genus Malcolmia
Synonyms: Malcolm stock
13.stock - a plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants
14.stock - any of several Old World plants cultivated for their brightly colored flowers
Synonyms: gillyflower
15.stock - the handle end of some implements or tools; "he grabbed the cue by the stock"
16.stock - persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant
Synonyms: caudex
17.stock - an ornamental white cravat
Synonyms: neckcloth
Verb1.stock - have on hand; "Do you carry kerosene heaters?"
Synonyms: stockpile, carry
2.stock - equip with a stock; "stock a rifle"
3.stock - supply with fish; "stock a lake"
4.stock - supply with livestock; "stock a farm"
5.stock - stock up on to keep for future use or sale; "let's stock coffee as long as prices are low"
Synonyms: buy in
6.stock - provide or furnish with a stock of something; "stock the larder with meat"
7.stock - put forth and grow sprouts or shoots; "the plant sprouted early this year"
Synonyms: sprout
Adj.1.stock - repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse; "bromidic sermons"; "his remarks were trite and commonplace"; "hackneyed phrases"; "a stock answer"; "repeating threadbare jokes"; "parroting some timeworn axiom"; "the trite metaphor `hard as nails'"
2.stock - routine; "a stock answer"
3.stock - regularly and widely used or sold; "a standard size"; "a stock item"
Synonyms: standard

STOCK, mer. law. The capital of a merchant tradesman, or other person including his merchandise, money and credits. In a narrower sense it signifies only the goods and wares he has for sale and traffic. The capital of corporations is also called stock; this is usually divided into shares of a definite value, as one hundred dollars, fifty dollars per share.
     2. The stock held by individuals in corporations is generally considered as personal property. 4 Dane's Ab. 670; Sull. on Land. Titl. 71; Walk. Introd. 211; 1 Hill, Ab. 1 8.

STOCK, descents. This is a metaphorical expression which designates, in the genealogy of a family, the person from whom others are descended: those persons who have so descended are called branches. Vide 1 Roper on Leg. 103; 2 Suppl. to Ves. 307 and Branch; Descent Line; Stirpes.

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entertainment industry, equal share, equities, equity, equity security, established, estimate, ethnic group, evaluation, everyday, extraction, fade, fair game, faith, familiar, family, fancies, fate, father, fauna, female line, figure of fun, filiation, fill, fill up, find, fish soup, fixed assets, floating stock, folk, fool, footstalk, forebear, forefather, forerunner, founder, frozen assets, funds, funicule, funiculus, furnish, furry creatures, fusty, game, gangue, garner, garner up, gather into barns, gazingstock, gazpacho, genealogy, generally accepted, genesis, gens, give, glamour issue, goat, goods, goods for sale, grass roots, gravy soup, growth stock, guaranteed stock, gumbo, habitual, hackney, hackneyed, half, halver, handle, haulm, have, head, heap, heap up, helping, heritage, hide, high-flier, hoard up, hold, hope, horses, hot issue, house, household, hypothecated stock, inactive stock, inception, income stock, intangible assets, intangibles, interest, inventory, invest, investment, issued capital stock, jest, jestingstock, job lot, joke, judgment, julienne, keep on hand, kind, kindred, larder, laughingstock, lay in, lay up, leafstalk, legit, legitimate stage, letter stock, line, line of descent, line of goods, lineage, liquid assets, livestock, loaned stock, lode, lodestuff, long stock, look at, lot, mail-order goods, maintain, make available, make provision for, male line, market, mass, material, material assets, material resources, materials, materiel, matriclan, matrix, matzo ball soup, means, measure, meed, merchandise, mess, method, mineral deposit, minestrone, misoshiru soup, mock turtle soup, mockery, modicum, moiety, monkey, moth-eaten, mulligatawny, munitions, musty, nation, nationality, nest egg, net assets, net worth, nonassessable stock, nonvoting stock, normal, normative, obtaining, off Broadway, off-off-Broadway, offer, old, old hat, order, ordinary, ordinary shares, ore bed, origin, original, origination, ownership, oxen, oxtail soup, pale blue chip, parentage, part, participating preferred stock, patriclan, pay dirt, pedicel, pedigree, peduncle, penny stock, people, percentage, petiole, petiolule, petiolus, phratry, phyle, phylum, piece, pile, pile up, plant kingdom, platitudinous, playland, plenitude, plenty, popular, portion, pot-au-feu, potage, potage au tomate, potato soup, pottage, power, precursor, predominating, preference stock, preferred stock, prepare, prescribed, prescriptive, present, prevailing, prevalent, process, procure materials, progenitor, property, proportion, protective stock, provenience, provide, provide for, provisionment, provisions, puree, put up, quantum, quarter stock, quick assets, quota, race, radical, radix, rails, rake-off, range, ration, rations, raw material, received, reception, recourses, recruit, reed, regular, regulation, reliance, reliance on, repertoire, repertory, repertory drama, replenish, reserve, reservoir, resorts, resources, reverse split, review, rick, rise, root, roots, routine, run-of-the-mill, save, save up, seasoned stock, secrete, seed, seedstalk, segment, selection, sell, sept, set, share, share ledger, shares, sheep, shoot, short stock, show biz, show business, side, sideline, size up, slice, small game, small share, society, soup, source, spear, spear side, special situation stock, specialty stock, species, speculative stock, speech community, spindle side, spire, split, square, squirrel, squirrel away, stack, stage world, stagedom, stageland, stake, stale, stalk, standard, standard stock, staple, staples, steels, stem, stereotyped, stipe, stirps, stock ledger, stock list, stock split, stock up, stock-in-trade, stockpile, stocks, store up, stores, straw, strawhat, strawhat circuit, stuff, subsidize, substances, succession, summer stock, supplies, supply on hand, support, sureness, surety, suspension of disbelief, sword side, take stock, tangible assets, tangibles, taproot, target, ten-share unit stock, the boards, the footlights, the scenes, the stage, the theater, theater world, theatromania, theatrophobia, thick soup, thin soup, threadbare, tigella, time-honored, timeworn, tired, tomato soup, totem, toy, trade in, traditional, treasure, treasure up, treasury, treasury stock, tribe, trite, truistic, trunk, trust, turtle soup, unissued capital stock, universal, unoriginal, usual, utilities, utilize, variety, vaudeville, vegetable soup, vein, vendibles, vernacular, vichyssoise, victim, voting stock, wares, warmed-over, ways, ways and means, wealth, well-known, well-worn, wherewith, wherewithal, widespread, wild animals, wildlife, won ton soup, wonted, worn, worn out, worn thin, yield
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stochastic process
stochastic variable
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Stock account
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Stock duck
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Stock gillyflower
Stock gold
Stock in trade
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