|n.||1.||That by which anything is made known or represented; that which furnishes evidence; a mark; a token; an indication; a proof.|
|2.||Something serving to indicate the existence, or preserve the memory, of a thing; a token; a memorial; a monument.|
|3.||Any symbol or emblem which prefigures, typifles, or represents, an idea; a type; hence, sometimes, a picture.|
The holy symbols, or signs, are not barely significative; but what they represent is as certainly delivered to us as the symbols themselves.
|4.||A word or a character regarded as the outward manifestation of thought; as, words are the sign of ideas.|
|5.||Hence, one of the gestures of pantomime, or of a language of a signs such as those used by the North American Indians, or those used by the deaf and dumb.|
|6.||A military emblem carried on a banner or a standard.|
|7.||(Astron.) The twelfth part of the ecliptic or zodiac.|
|8.||(Alg.) A character indicating the relation of quantities, or an operation performed upon them; |
|9.||(Mus.) Any character, as a flat, sharp, dot, etc.|
|v. t.||1.||To represent by a sign; to make known in a typical or emblematic manner, in distinction from speech; to signify.|
|2.||To make a sign upon; to mark with a sign.|
|3.||To affix a signature to; to ratify by hand or seal; to subscribe in one's own handwriting.|
|4.||To assign or convey formally; - used with away.|
|5.||To mark; to make distinguishable.|
|v. i.||1.||To be a sign or omen.|
|2.||To make a sign or signal; to communicate directions or intelligence by signs.|
|3.||To write one's name, esp. as a token of assent, responsibility, or obligation.|
|Noun||1.||sign - a perceptible indication of something not immediately apparent (as a visible clue that something has happened); "he showed signs of strain"; "they welcomed the signs of spring"|
|2.||sign - a public display of a (usually written) message; "he posted signs in all the shop windows"|
|3.||sign - any communication that encodes a message; "signals from the boat suddenly stopped"|
|4.||sign - structure displaying a board on which advertisements can be posted; "the highway was lined with signboards"|
|5.||sign - (astrology) one of 12 equal areas into which the zodiac is divided|
|6.||sign - (medicine) any objective evidence of the presence of a disorder or disease; "there were no signs of asphixiation"|
|7.||sign - having an indicated pole (as the distinction between positive and negative electric charges); "he got the polarity of the battery reversed"; "charges of opposite sign"|
|8.||sign - an event that is experienced as indicating important things to come; "he hoped it was an augury"; "it was a sign from God"|
|9.||sign - a gesture that is part of a sign language|
|10.||sign - a fundamental linguistic unit linking a signifier to that which is signified; "The bond between the signifier and the signified is arbitrary"--de Saussure|
|11.||sign - a character indicating a relation between quantities; "don't forget the minus sign"|
|Verb||1.||sign - mark with one's signature; write one's name (on); "She signed the letter and sent it off"; "Please sign here"|
|2.||sign - approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation; "All parties ratified the peace treaty"; "Have you signed your contract yet?"|
|3.||sign - be engaged by a written agreement; "He signed to play the casino on Dec. 18"; "The soprano signed to sing the new opera"|
|4.||sign - engage by written agreement; "They signed two new pitchers for the next season"|
|5.||sign - communicate silently and non-verbally by signals or signs; "He signed his disapproval with a dismissive hand gesture"; "The diner signaled the waiters to bring the menu"|
|6.||sign - place signs, as along a road; "sign an intersection"; "This road has been signed"|
|7.||sign - communicate in sign language; "I don't know how to sign, so I could not communicate with my deaf cousin"|
|8.||sign - make the sign of the cross over someone in order to call on God for protection; consecrate|
|Adj.||1.||sign - used of the language of the deaf|
SIGN, contracts, evidence. A token of anything; a note or token given
2. Contracts are express or implied. The express are manifested viva voce, or by writing; the implied are shown by silence, by acts, or by signs.
3. Among all nations find and at all times, certain signs have been considered as proof of assent or dissent; for example, the nodding of the head, and the shaking of hands; 2 Bl. Com. 448; 6 Toull. D. 33; Heinnec., Antiq. lib. 3, t. 23, n. 19; silence and inaction, facts and signs are sometimes very strong evidence of cool reflection, when following a question. I ask you to lend me one hundred dollars, without saying a word you put your hand in your pocket, and deliver me the money. I go into a hotel and I ask the landlord if he can accommodate me and take care of my trunk; without speaking he takes it out of my hands and sends it into his chamber. By this act he doubtless becomes responsible to me as a bailee. At the expiration of a lease, the tenant remains in possession, without any objection from the landlord; this may be fairly interpreted as a sign of a consent that the lease shall be renewed. 13 Serg. & Rawle, 60.
4, The learned author of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, in his 44th chapter, remarks, "Among savage nations, the want of letters is imperfectly supplied by the use of visible signs, which awaken attention, and perpetuate the remembrance of any public or private transaction. The jurisprudence of the first Romans exhibited the scenes of a pantomime; the words were adapted to the gestures, and the slightest error or neglect in the forms of proceeding was sufficient to annul the substance of the fairest claim. The communion of the marriage-life was denoted by the necessary elements of fire and water: and the divorced wife resigned, the bunch of keys, by the delivery of which she had been invested with the government of the family. The manumission of a son, or a slave, was performed by turning him round with a gentle blow on the cheek: a work was prohibited by the casting of a stone; prescription was interrupted by the breaking of a branch; the clenched fist was the symbol of a pledge or deposits; the right hand was the gift of faith and confidence. The indenture of covenants was a broken straw; weights and, scales were introduced into every payment, and the heir who accepted a testament, was sometimes obliged to snap his fingers, to cast away his garments, and to leap and dance with real or affected transport. If a citizen pursued any stolen goods into a neighbor's house, he concealed his nakedness with a linen towel, and hid his. face with a mask or basin, lest he should encounter the eyes of a virgin or a matron. In a civil action, the plaintiff touched the ear of his witness seized his reluctant adversary by the neck and implored, in solemn lamentation, the aid of his fellow citizens. The two competitors grasped each other's hand, as if they stood prepared for combat before the tribunal of the praetor: he commanded them to produce the object of the dispute; they went, they returned with measured steps, and a clod of earth was cast at his feet to represent the field for which they contended. This occult science of the words and actions of law, was the inheritance of the pontiffs and patricians. Like the Chaldean astrologers, they announced to their clients the days of business and repose; these important trifles wore interwoven with the religion of Numa; and, after the publication of the Twelve Tables, the Roman people were still enslaved by the ignorance of judicial proceedings. The treachery of some plebeian officers at length revealed the profitable mystery: in a more enlightened age, the legal actions were derided and observed; and the same antiquity which sanctified the practice, obliterated the use and meaning, of this primitive language."
SIGN, mer. law. A board, tin or other substance, on which is painted the
name and business of a merchant or tradesman.
2. Every man has a right to adopt such a sign as he may please to select, but he has no right to use another's name, without his consent. See Dall. Dict. mot Propriete Industrielle, and the article Trade marks.
TO SIGN. To write one's name to an instrument of writing in order to give
the effect intended; the name thus written is called a signature.
2. The signature is usually made at the bottom of the instrument but in wills it has been held that when a testator commenced his will With these words;, "I, A B, make this my will," it was a sufficient signing. 3 Lev. 1; and vide Rob. on Wills, 122 1 Will. on Wills, 49, 50; Chit. Cont. 212 Newl. Contr. 173; Sugd. Vend. 71; 2 Stark. Ev. 605, 613; Rob. on Fr. 121; but this decision is said to be absurd. 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 278, n. 16. Vide Merl. Repert. mot Signature, for a history of the origin, of signatures; and also 4 Cruise, Dig. h.t. 32, c. 2, s. 73, et seq.; see, generally, 8 Toull. n. 94-96; 1 Dall. 64; 5 Whart. R. 386; 2 B. & P 238; 2 M. & S. 286.
3. To sign a judgment, is to enter a judgment for want of something which was required to be done; as, for example, in the English practice, if he who is bound to give oyer does not give it within the time required, in such cases, the adverse party may sign judgment against him. 2 T. R. 40; Com. Dig. Pleader, P 1; Barnes, 245.