Pronunciation: skāl
n.1.The dish of a balance; hence, the balance itself; an instrument or machine for weighing; as, to turn the scale; - chiefly used in the plural when applied to the whole instrument or apparatus for weighing. Also used figuratively.
Long time in even scale
The battle hung.
- Milton.
2.(Astron.) The sign or constellation Libra.
Platform scale
See under Platform.
v. t.1.To weigh or measure according to a scale; to measure; also, to grade or vary according to a scale or system.
[imp. & p. p. Scaled ; p. pr. & vb. n. Scaling.]
To scale a debt, wages, etc.
to reduce a debt, etc., according to a fixed ratio or scale.
n.1.(Anat.) One of the small, thin, membranous, bony or horny pieces which form the covering of many fishes and reptiles, and some mammals, belonging to the dermal part of the skeleton, or dermoskeleton. See Cycloid, Ctenoid, and Ganoid.
2.Hence, any layer or leaf of metal or other material, resembling in size and thinness the scale of a fish; as, a scale of iron, of bone, etc.
3.(Zool.) One of the small scalelike structures covering parts of some invertebrates, as those on the wings of Lepidoptera and on the body of Thysanura; the elytra of certain annelids. See Lepidoptera.
4.(Zool.) A scale insect. (See below.
5.(Bot.) A small appendage like a rudimentary leaf, resembling the scales of a fish in form, and often in arrangement; as, the scale of a bud, of a pine cone, and the like. The name is also given to the chaff on the stems of ferns.
6.The thin metallic side plate of the handle of a pocketknife. See Illust. of Pocketknife.
7.An incrustation deposit on the inside of a vessel in which water is heated, as a steam boiler.
8.(Metal.) The thin oxide which forms on the surface of iron forgings. It consists essentially of the magnetic oxide, Fe3O4. Also, a similar coating upon other metals.
Covering scale
(Zool.) a hydrophyllium.
Ganoid scale
(Zool.) See under Ganoid.
Scale armor
(Mil.) armor made of small metallic scales overlapping, and fastened upon leather or cloth.
Scale beetle
(Zool.) the tiger beetle.
Scale carp
(Zool.) a carp having normal scales.
Scale insect
(Zool.) any one of numerous species of small hemipterous insects belonging to the family Coccidæ, in which the females, when adult, become more or less scalelike in form. They are found upon the leaves and twigs of various trees and shrubs, and often do great damage to fruit trees. See Orange scale,under Orange.
Scale moss
(Bot.) any leafy-stemmed moss of the order Hepaticæ; - so called from the small imbricated scalelike leaves of most of the species. See Hepatica, 2, and Jungermannia.
v. t.1.To strip or clear of scale or scales; as, to scale a fish; to scale the inside of a boiler.
2.To take off in thin layers or scales, as tartar from the teeth; to pare off, as a surface.
3.To scatter; to spread.
4.(Gun.) To clean, as the inside of a cannon, by the explosion of a small quantity of powder.
v. i.1.To separate and come off in thin layers or laminæ; as, some sandstone scales by exposure.
2.To separate; to scatter.
n.1.A ladder; a series of steps; a means of ascending.
2.(Mus.) Hence, anything graduated, especially when employed as a measure or rule, or marked by lines at regular intervals.
3.Gradation; succession of ascending and descending steps and degrees; progressive series; scheme of comparative rank or order; as, a scale of being.
4.Relative dimensions, without difference in proportion of parts; size or degree of the parts or components in any complex thing, compared with other like things; especially, the relative proportion of the linear dimensions of the parts of a drawing, map, model, etc., to the dimensions of the corresponding parts of the object that is represented; as, a map on a scale of an inch to a mile.
Scale of chords
a graduated scale on which are given the lengths of the chords of arcs fromto 90° in a circle of given radius, - used in measuring given angles and in plotting angles of given numbers of degrees.
v. t.1.To climb by a ladder, or as if by a ladder; to ascend by steps or by climbing; to clamber up; as, to scale the wall of a fort.
Oft have I scaled the craggy oak.
- Spenser.
v. i.1.To lead up by steps; to ascend.
Noun1.scale - an ordered reference standard; "judging on a scale of 1 to 10"
2.scale - relative magnitude; "they entertained on a grand scale"
3.scale - the ratio between the size of something and a representation of it; "the scale of the map"; "the scale of the model"
4.scale - an indicator having a graduated sequence of marks
5.scale - a specialized leaf or bract that protects a bud or catkin
Synonyms: scale leaf
6.scale - a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the skin
Synonyms: exfoliation, scurf
7.Scalescale - (music) a series of notes differing in pitch according to a specific scheme (usually within an octave)
Synonyms: musical scale
8.scale - a measuring instrument for weighing; shows amount of mass
9.scale - a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners)
Synonyms: shell, plate
10.scale - a flattened rigid plate forming part of the body covering of many animals
Verb1.scale - measure by or as if by a scale; "This bike scales only 25 pounds"
2.scale - pattern, make, regulate, set, measure, or estimate according to some rate or standard
3.scale - take by attacking with scaling ladders; "The troops scaled the walls of the fort"
4.scale - reach the highest point of; "We scaled the Mont Blanc"
Synonyms: surmount
5.scale - climb up by means of a ladder
6.scale - remove the scales from; "scale fish"
Synonyms: descale
7.scale - measure with or as if with scales; "scale the gold"
8.scale - size or measure according to a scale; "This model must be scaled down"
Danish balance, Indian file, Lambert conformal projection, Mercator projection, Miller projection, Roman balance, Weightometer, accommodation ladder, adjust, aeronautical chart, alloy balance, amount, amplitude, analytical balance, area, arrange in layers, array, articulation, ascend, assay balance, astronomical chart, atlas, azimuthal equidistant projection, azimuthal projection, balance of precision, bank, barometer, barrel scale, beam, bigness, board, body, breach, breadth, break, breakage, bulk, bullion balance, burst, bust, buzz, cake, caking, caliber, calibration, canon, carry, cartographer, cartography, catena, catenation, celestial chart, celestial globe, chain, chain reaction, chaining, chart, check, chip, chip off, chorographer, chorography, chromatic scale, clamber, clamber up, cleft, climatic chart, climb over, climb up, coat, coating, compass, concatenation, conic projection, connection, consecution, continuum, contour line, contour map, counter scale, course, coverage, crack, criterion, crust, cut, cycle, cylinder scale, cylindrical projection, dandruff, decorticate, decrease, degree, delaminate, depth, descent, desquamate, diameter, diapason, dimension, dimensions, diminish, dodecuple scale, doorstep, drone, drum scale, enamel, encrustation, endless belt, endless round, enharmonic scale, enlarge, escalade, escalate, eschar, exfoliate, expanse, expansion, extension, extension ladder, extent, facing, fan scale, file, filiation, film, fissure, flake, flake off, flexure plate scale, floccule, flocculus, flock, folding ladder, footrest, footstep, foray, fracture, fur, gamut, gangway ladder, gap, gauge, general reference map, girth, globe, gnomonic projection, go up, gradation, grade, graduated scale, graduation, graphic scale, great scale, greatness, grid line, hachure, height, heliographic chart, hierarchy, hum, hydrographic chart, imbrication, increase, incrustation, index, inroad, interval, inundate, invade, isoline, lacquer, ladder, lamella, lamina, laminate, largeness, latitude, lay down, lay up, layer, layer tint, leap, legend, length, level, lever scales, line, lineage, long-arm balance, longitude, lower, magnitude, major scale, make a raid, make an inroad, map, map maker, map projection, mapper, mark, mass, measure, measurement, melodic minor, meridian, minor scale, model, monotone, mount, nexus, norm, notch, nuance, octave scale, overlay, overwhelm, paint, pair of scales, parallel, parameter, paring, pas, pastry shell, pattern, peel, peg, pellicle, pendulum, pentatonic scale, period, periodicity, photogrammetrist, photogrammetry, photomap, phototopography, physical map, piecrust, pitch, plane, plaque, plate, plate fulcrum scale, plateau, platform scale, plenum, point, political map, polyconic projection, powder train, precision balance, precision scale, progression, projection, proportions, prorate, quantity, quarter ladder, queue, radius, raid, raise, ramp, rank, ranking, rate, ratio, reach, reading, readout, recurrence, reduce, register, regulate, relief map, remove, rent, representative fraction, rest, reticulation, revetment, rift, rip, riser, road map, rotation, round, routine, row, rule, run, rundle, rung, rupture, scab, scale off, scale the heights, scale the walls, scales, scope, scrabble up, scramble up, scum, scurf, scute, scutum, sequence, series, shade, shadow, shaving, shell, shin, shin up, shinny, short-arm balance, single file, sinusoidal projection, size, skin, slash, slice, slit, snap, space, special map, spectrum, spiral balance, splinter, split, spoke, spread, stair, stalactite, stalagmite, standard, stave, step, step stool, stepladder, stepping-stone, stern ladder, stint, storm, stratify, stretch, string, strip, struggle up, succession, surmount, swath, sweep, take by storm, tartar, tear, temperament, terrain map, terrestrial globe, test, thematic map, thread, tier, topographer, topographic chart, topography, touchstone, train, transportation map, tread, tuning, type, upclimb, upgo, value, varnish, veneer, volume, weather chart, weather map, weigh scales, weighbridge, weighing machine, weight voltameter, whole-tone scale, width, windrow, yardstick
Translate Scale to Spanish, Translate Scale to German, Translate Scale to French
scalar field
scalar matrix
scalar product
Scald crow
Scald head
scalded milk
-- Scale --
Scale armor
Scale beetle
Scale carp
scale down
scale factor
scale fern
scale insect
scale leaf
Scale micrometer
scale moss
Scale of chords
scale of measurement
scale up
scale value
scale wax
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