Word:

Root

Pronunciation: rŌt
v. i.1.To turn up the earth with the snout, as swine.
2.Hence, to seek for favor or advancement by low arts or groveling servility; to fawn servilely.
v. t.1.To turn up or to dig out with the snout; as, the swine roots the earth.
n.1.(Bot.) The underground portion of a plant, whether a true root or a tuber, a bulb or rootstock, as in the potato, the onion, or the sweet flag.
2.An edible or esculent root, especially of such plants as produce a single root, as the beet, carrot, etc.; as, the root crop.
3.That which resembles a root in position or function, esp. as a source of nourishment or support; that from which anything proceeds as if by growth or development; as, the root of a tooth, a nail, a cancer, and the like.
4.A primitive form of speech; one of the earliest terms employed in language; a word from which other words are formed; a radix, or radical.
The love of money is a root of all kinds of evil.
- 1 Tim. vi. 10 (rev. Ver.
4.(Astrol.) The time which to reckon in making calculations.
When a root is of a birth yknowe [known].
- Chaucer.
Aërial roots
a - (Bot.) Small roots emitted from the stem of a plant in the open air, which, attaching themselves to the bark of trees, etc., serve to support the plant.
b - Large roots growing from the stem, etc., which descend and establish themselves in the soil. See Illust. of Mangrove.
Multiple primary root
(Bot.) a name given to the numerous roots emitted from the radicle in many plants, as the squash.
Primary root
(Bot.) the central, first-formed, main root, from which the rootlets are given off.
Root and branch
every part; wholly; completely; as, to destroy an error root and branch.
Root-and-branch men
radical reformers; - a designation applied to the English Independents (1641). See Citation under Radical, n., 2.
Root barnacle
(Zool.) one of the Rhizocephala.
Root hair
(Bot.) one of the slender, hairlike fibers found on the surface of fresh roots. They are prolongations of the superficial cells of the root into minute tubes.
Root leaf
(Bot.) a radical leaf.
- Gray.
Root louse
b - (Zool.) any plant louse, or aphid, which lives on the roots of plants, as the Phylloxera of the grapevine.
Root of an equation
(Alg.) that value which, substituted for the unknown quantity in an equation, satisfies the equation.
Root of a nail
(Anat.) the part of a nail which is covered by the skin.
Root of a tooth
(Anat.) the part of a tooth contained in the socket and consisting of one or more fangs.
Secondary roots
(Bot.) roots emitted from any part of the plant above the radicle.
To strike root
to send forth roots; to become fixed in the earth, etc., by a root; hence, in general, to become planted, fixed, or established; to increase and spread; as, an opinion takes root.
- Milton.
5.(Math.) That factor of a quantity which when multiplied into itself will produce that quantity; thus, 3 is a root of 9, because 3 multiplied into itself produces 9; 3 is the cube root of 27.
6.The lowest place, position, or part.
v. i.1.To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow.
[imp. & p. p. Rooted; p. pr. & vb. n. Rooting.]
In deep grounds the weeds root deeper.
- Mortimer.
2.To be firmly fixed; to be established.
1.To shout for, or otherwise noisly applaud or encourage, a contestant, as in sports; hence, to wish earnestly for the success of some one or the happening of some event, with the superstitious notion that this action may have efficacy; - usually with for; as, the crowd rooted for the home team.
v. t.1.To plant and fix deeply in the earth, or as in the earth; to implant firmly; hence, to make deep or radical; to establish; - used chiefly in the participle; as, rooted trees or forests; rooted dislike.
2.To tear up by the root; to eradicate; to extirpate; - with up, out, or away.
The Lord rooted them out of their land . . . and cast them into another land.
- Deut. xxix. 28.
Noun1.Rootroot - (botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground
2.root - (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed; "thematic vowels are part of the stem"
3.root - the place where something begins, where it springs into being; "the Italian beginning of the Renaissance"; "Jupiter was the origin of the radiation"; "Pittsburgh is the source of the Ohio River"; "communism's Russian root"
4.root - a number that when multiplied by itself some number of times equals a given number
5.root - the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation
Synonyms: solution
6.root - someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)
7.root - a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes
Synonyms: etymon
8.root - the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support
Synonyms: tooth root
Verb1.root - take root and begin to grow; "this plant roots quickly"
2.root - come into existence, originate; "The problem roots in her depression"
3.root - plant by the roots
4.root - dig with the snout; "the pig was rooting for truffles"
Synonyms: rootle, rout
5.root - take sides with; align oneself with; show strong sympathy for; "We all rooted for the home team"; "I'm pulling for the underdog"; "Are you siding with the defender of the title?"
Synonyms: side, pull
6.root - become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style; "He finally settled down"
7.root - cause to take roots

ROOT. That part of a tree or plant under ground from which it draws most of its nourishment from the earth.
     2. When the roots of a tree planted in one man's land extend into that of another, this circumstance does not give the latter any right to the tree, though such is the doctrine of the civil law; Dig. 41, 1, 7, 13; but such person has a right to cut off the roots up to his line. Rolle's R. 394, vide Tree.
     3. In a figurative sense, the term root is used to signify the person from whom one or more others are descended. Vide Descent; Per stirpes.

root - 1. The Unix superuser account (with user name "root" and user ID 0) that overrides file permissions. The term avatar is also used. By extension, the privileged system-maintenance login on any operating system.

See root mode, go root, wheel.
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-- Root --
Root and branch
Root barnacle
root beer
root beer float
root bridge
root canal
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root directory
root hair
Root leaf
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root mode
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