|n.||1.||Anything that remains, or is left, after the separation and removal of a part; residue; remnant.|
|2.||(Math.) The quantity or sum that is left after subtraction, or after any deduction.|
|3.||(Law) An estate in expectancy, generally in land, which becomes an estate in possession upon the determination of a particular prior estate, created at the same time, and by the same instrument; for example, if land be conveyed to A for life, and on his death to B, A's life interest is a particuar estate, and B's interest is a remainder, or estate in remainder.|
|a.||1.||Remaining; left; left over; refuse.|
|Noun||1.||remainder - something left after other parts have been taken away; "there was no remainder"; "he threw away the rest"; "he took what he wanted and I got the balance"|
|2.||remainder - the part of the dividend that is left over when the dividend is not evenly divisible by the divisor|
|3.||remainder - the number that remains after subtraction; the number that when added to the subtrahend gives the minuend|
|4.||remainder - a piece of cloth that is left over after the rest has been used or sold|
|Verb||1.||remainder - sell cheaply as remainders; "The publisher remaindered the books"|
REMAINDER, estates. The remnant of an estate in lands or tenements expectant
on a particular estate, created together with the same, at one time. Co.
Litt. 143 a.
2. Remainders are either vested or contingent. A vested remainder is one by which a present interest passes to the party. though to be enjoyed in future; and by which the estate is invariably fixed to remain to a determinate person, after the particular estate has been spent. Vide 2 Jo ins. R. 288; 1 Yeates, R. 340.
3. A contingent remainder is one which is limited to take effect on an event or condition, which may never happen or be performed, or which may not happen or be performed till after the determination of the preceding particular estate; in which case such remainder never can take effect.
4. According to Mr. Fearne, contingent remainders may properly be distinguished into four sorts. 1. Where the remainder depends entirely on a contingent determination of the preceding estate itself. 2. Where the contingency on which the remainder is to take effect, is independent of the determination of the preceding estate. 3. Where the condition upon which the remainder is limited, is certain in event, but the determination of the particular estate may happen before it. 4. Where the person, to whom the remainder is limited, is not yet ascertained, or not yet in being. Fearne, 5.
5. The pupillary substitutions of the civil law somewhat resembled contingent remainders. 1 Brown's Civ. Law, 214, n.; Burr. 1623. Vide, generally, Viner's Ab. h.t.; Bac. Ab. h. t; Com. Dig. h.t.; 4 Kent, Com. 189; Yelv. 1, n.; Cruise, Dig. tit. 16; 1 Supp. to Ves. jr. 184; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.