|n.||1.||The act of referring, or the state of being referred; as, reference to a chart for guidance.|
|2.||That which refers to something; a specific direction of the attention; as, a reference in a text-book.|
|3.||Relation; regard; respect.|
|4.||One who, or that which, is referred to.|
|5.||(Law) The act of submitting a matter in dispute to the judgment of one or more persons for decision.|
|Noun||1.||reference - a remark that calls attention to something or someone; "she made frequent mention of her promotion"; "there was no mention of it"; "the speaker made several references to his wife"|
|2.||reference - a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage; "the student's essay failed to list several important citations"; "the acknowledgments are usually printed at the front of a book"; "the article includes mention of similar clinical cases"|
|3.||reference - an indicator that orients you generally; "it is used as a reference for comparing the heating and the electrical energy involved"|
|4.||reference - a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts; "he contributed articles to the basic reference work on that topic"|
|5.||reference - a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability; "requests for character references are all to often answered evasively"|
|6.||reference - the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to; "the extension of `satellite of Mars' is the set containing only Demos and Phobos"|
|7.||reference - the act of referring or consulting; "reference to an encyclopedia produced the answer"|
|8.||reference - a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to; "he carried an armful of references back to his desk"; "he spent hours looking for the source of that quotation"|
|9.||reference - the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to; "he argued that reference is a consequence of conditioned reflexes"|
|Verb||1.||reference - refer to; "he referenced his colleagues' work"|
REFERENCE, contracts. An agreement to submit to certain arbitrators, matters in dispute between two or more parties, for their decision, and judgment. The persons to whom such matters are referred are sometimes called referees.
REFERENCE, mercantile law. A direction or request by a party who asks a credit to the person from whom he expects it, to call on some other person named in order to ascertain the character or mercantile standing of the former.
REFERENCE, practice. The act of sending any matter by a court of chancery or one exercising equitable powers, to a master or other officer, in order that he may ascertain facts and report to the court. By reference is also understood that part of an instrument of writing where it points to another for the matters therein contained. For the effect of such reference, see 1 Pick. R. 27; 17 Mass. R. 443; 15 Pick. R. 66; 7 Halst. R. 25; 14 Wend. R. 619; 10 Conn. R. 422; 4 Greenl. R. 14, 471; 3 Greenl. R. 393; 6 Pick. R. 460; the thing referred to is also called a reference.
|reference - pointer|