|Noun||1.||programming language - (computer science) a language designed for programming computers|
Synonyms: programing language
|(language)||programming language - A formal language in which computer programs are
written. The definition of a particular language consists of
both syntax (how the various symbols of the language may be
combined) and semantics (the meaning of the language
Languages are classified as low level if they are close to machine code and high level if each language statement corresponds to many machine code instructions (though this could also apply to a low level language with extensive use of macros, in which case it would be debatable whether it still counted as low level). A roughly parallel classification is the description as first generation language through to fifth generation language.
Another major distinction is between imperative languages and declarative languages.