|a.||1.||Of or pertaining to the north; being in the north, or nearer to that point than to the east or west.|
|2.||In a direction toward the north; |
|Noun||1.||Northern - a dialect of Middle English that developed into Scottish Lallans|
|Adj.||1.||northern - in or characteristic of a region of the United States north of (approximately) the Mason-Dixon line; "Northern liberals"; "northern industry"; "northern cities"|
southern - in or characteristic of a region of the United States south of (approximately) the Mason-Dixon line; "southern hospitality"; "southern cooking"; "southern plantations"
|2.||northern - situated in or oriented toward the north; "the northern suburbs"; "going in a northerly direction"|
|3.||northern - coming from the north; used especially of wind; "the north wind doth blow"; "a northern snowstorm"; "the winds are northerly"|
|4.||northern - situated in or coming from regions of the north; "the northern hemisphere"; "northern autumn colors"|
southern - situated in or coming from regions of the south; "the southern hemisphere"; "southern constellations"