|n.||1.||The state of being which begins with generation, birth, or germination, and ends with death; also, the time during which this state continues; that state of an animal or plant in which all or any of its organs are capable of performing all or any of their functions; - used of all animal and vegetable organisms.|
|2.||Of human beings: The union of the soul and body; also, the duration of their union; sometimes, the deathless quality or existence of the soul; |
|3.||(Philos) The potential principle, or force, by which the organs of animals and plants are started and continued in the performance of their several and coöperative functions; the vital force, whether regarded as physical or spiritual.|
|4.||Figuratively: The potential or animating principle, also, the period of duration, of anything that is conceived of as resembling a natural organism in structure or functions; |
|5.||A certain way or manner of living with respect to conditions, circumstances, character, conduct, occupation, etc.; hence, human affairs; also, lives, considered collectively, as a distinct class or type; |
|6.||Animation; spirit; vivacity; vigor; energy.|
|7.||That which imparts or excites spirit or vigor; that upon which enjoyment or success depends; |
|8.||The living or actual form, person, thing, or state; |
|9.||A person; a living being, usually a human being; |
|10.||The system of animal nature; animals in general, or considered collectively.|
|11.||An essential constituent of life, esp: the blood.|
|12.||A history of the acts and events of a life; a biography; |
|13.||Enjoyment in the right use of the powers; especially, a spiritual existence; happiness in the favor of God; heavenly felicity.|
|14.||Something dear to one as one's existence; a darling; - used as a term of endearment.|
|Noun||1.||life - a characteristic state or mode of living; "social life"; "city life"; "real life"|
|2.||life - the course of existence of an individual; the actions and events that occur in living; "he hoped for a new life in Australia"; "he wanted to live his own life without interference from others"|
|3.||life - the experience of living; the course of human events and activities; "he could no longer cope with the complexities of life"|
|4.||life - the condition of living or the state of being alive; "while there's life there's hope"; "life depends on many chemical and physical processes"|
|5.||life - the period during which something is functional (as between birth and death); "the battery had a short life"; "he lived a long and happy life"|
|6.||life - the period between birth and the present time; "I have known him all his life"|
|7.||life - animation and energy in action or expression; "it was a heavy play and the actors tried in vain to give life to it"|
|8.||life - an account of the series of events making up a person's life|
|9.||life - the period from the present until death; "he appointed himself emperor for life"|
|10.||life - a living person; "his heroism saved a life"|
|11.||life - living things collectively; "the oceans are teeming with life"|
|12.||life - a motive for living; "pottery was his life"|
|13.||life - the organic phenomenon that distinguishes living organisms from nonliving ones; "there is no life on the moon"|
|14.||life - a prison term lasting as long as the prisoner lives; "he got life for killing the guard"|
Synonyms: life sentence
LIFE. The aggregate of the animal functions which resist death. Bichat.
2. The state of animated beings, while they possess the power of feeling and motion. It commences in contemplation of law generally as soon as the infant is able to stir in the mother's womb; 1 Bl. Com. 129; 3 Inst. 50; Wood's Inst. 11; and ceases at death. Lawyers and legislators are not, however, the best physiologists, and it may be justly suspected that in fact life commences before the mother can perceive any motion of the foetus. 1 Beck's Med. Jur. 291.
3. For many purposes, however, life is considered as begun from the moment of conception in ventre sa mere. Vide Foetus. But in order to acquire and transfer civil rights the child must be born alive. Whether a child is born alive, is to be ascertained from certain signs which are always attendant upon life. The fact of the child's crying is the most certain. There may be a certain motion in a new born infant which may last even for hours, and yet there may not be complete life. It seems that in order to commence life the child must be born with the ability to breathe, and must actually have breathed. 1 Briand, Med. Leg. 1ere partie, c. 6, art. 1.
4. Life is presumed to continue at least till one hundred years. 9 Mart. Lo. R. 257 See Death; Survivorship.
5. Life is considered by the law of the utmost importance, and its most anxious care is to protect it. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 202-3.
|1.||(language)||LIFE - Logic of Inheritance, Functions and Equations.|
An object-oriented, functional, constraint-based language by Hassan Ait-Kacy
Mailing list: email@example.com.
See also Wild_LIFE.
["Is There a Meaning to LIFE?", H. Ait-Kacy et al, Intl Conf on Logic Prog, 1991].
|2.||(games)||Life - The first popular cellular automata based
artificial life "game". Life was invented by British
mathematician John Horton Conway in 1970 and was first
introduced publicly in "Scientific American" later that year.|
Conway first devised what he called "The Game of Life" and "ran" it using plates placed on floor tiles in his house. Because of he ran out of floor space and kept stepping on the plates, he later moved to doing it on paper or on a checkerboard, and then moved to running Life as a computer program on a PDP-7. That first implementation of Life as a computer program was written by M. J. T. Guy and S. R. Bourne (the author of Unix's Bourne shell).
Life uses a rectangular grid of binary (live or dead) cells each of which is updated at each step according to the previous state of its eight neighbours as follows: a live cell with less than two, or more than three, live neighbours dies. A dead cell with exactly three neighbours becomes alive. Other cells do not change.
While the rules are fairly simple, the patterns that can arise are of a complexity resembling that of organic systems -- hence the name "Life".
Many hackers pass through a stage of fascination with Life, and hackers at various places contributed heavily to the mathematical analysis of this game (most notably Bill Gosper at MIT, who even implemented Life in TECO!; see Gosperism). When a hacker mentions "life", he is more likely to mean this game than the magazine, the breakfast cereal, the 1950s-era board game or the human state of existence.
["Scientific American" 223, October 1970, p120-123, 224; February 1971 p121-117, Martin Gardner].
["The Garden in The Machine: the Emerging Science of Artificial Life", Claus Emmeche, 1994].
["Winning Ways, For Your Mathematical Plays", Elwyn R. Berlekamp, John Horton Conway and Richard K. Guy, 1982].
["The Recursive Universe: Cosmic Complexity and the Limits of Scientific Knowledge", William Poundstone, 1985].
|3.||(jargon)||life - The opposite of Usenet. As in "Get a life!"|