|1.||(Bookkeeping) A diary; an account of daily transactions and events.|
|2.||That which has occurred in a day; a day's work or travel; a day's journey.|
|3.||(Mach.) That portion of a rotating piece, as a shaft, axle, spindle, etc., which turns in a bearing or box. See Illust. of Axle box.|
|Noun||1.||journal - a daily written record of (usually personal) experiences and observations|
|2.||journal - a periodical dedicated to a particular subject; "he reads the medical journals"|
|3.||journal - a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred|
|4.||journal - a record book as a physical object|
|5.||journal - the part of the axle contained by a bearing|
JOURNAL, mar. law. The book kept on board of a ship or other vessel, which contains an account of the ship's course, with a short history of every occurrence during the voyage. Another name for logbook. (q.v.) Chit. Law of Nat. 199.
JOURNAL, common law. A book used among merchants, in which the contents of the waste-book are separated every month, and entered on the debtor and creditor side, for more convenient posting in the ledger.
JOURNAL, legislation. An account of the proceedings of a legislative body.
2. The Constitution of the United States, art. 1, s. 5, directs that "each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings; and from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may, in their judgment, require secrecy." Vide 2 Story, Const., 301.
3. The constitutions of the several states contain similar provisions.
4. The journal of either house is evidence of the action of that house upon all matters before it. 7 Cowen, R. 613 Cowp. 17.