n.1.The science which treats of the principles of language; the study of forms of speech, and their relations to one another; the art concerned with the right use and application of the rules of a language, in speaking or writing.
2.The art of speaking or writing with correctness or according to established usage; speech considered with regard to the rules of a grammar.
The original bad grammar and bad spelling.
- Macaulay.
3.A treatise on the principles of language; a book containing the principles and rules for correctness in speaking or writing.
4.treatise on the elements or principles of any science; as, a grammar of geography.
Comparative grammar
the science which determines the relations of kindred languages by examining and comparing their grammatical forms.
Grammar school
a - A school, usually endowed, in which Latin and Greek grammar are taught, as also other studies preparatory to colleges or universities; as, the famous Rugby Grammar School. This use of the word is more common in England than in the United States.
v. i.1.To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar.
Noun1.grammar - studies of the formation of basic linguistic units
grammar - A formal definition of the syntactic structure of a language (see syntax), normally given in terms of production rules which specify the order of constituents and their sub-constituents in a sentence (a well-formed string in the language). Each rule has a left-hand side symbol naming a syntactic category (e.g. "noun-phrase" for a natural language grammar) and a right-hand side which is a sequence of zero or more symbols. Each symbol may be either a terminal symbol or a non-terminal symbol. A terminal symbol corresponds to one "lexeme" - a part of the sentence with no internal syntactic structure (e.g. an identifier or an operator in a computer language). A non-terminal symbol is the left-hand side of some rule.

One rule is normally designated as the top-level rule which gives the structure for a whole sentence.

A grammar can be used either to parse a sentence (see parser) or to generate one. Parsing assigns a terminal syntactic category to each input token and a non-terminal category to each appropriate group of tokens, up to the level of the whole sentence. Parsing is usually preceded by lexical analysis. Generation starts from the top-level rule and chooses one alternative production wherever there is a choice.

See also BNF, yacc, attribute grammar, grammar analysis.
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graminaceous plant
gramineous plant
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-- Grammar --
grammar analysis
grammar school
grammatical case
grammatical category
grammatical constituent
grammatical construction
grammatical gender
grammatical inference
grammatical meaning
grammatical relation
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