|n.||1.||A wandering; a roving or irregular course.|
|2.||A wandering or deviation from the right course or standard; irregularity; mistake; inaccuracy; something made wrong or left wrong; |
|3.||A departing or deviation from the truth; falsity; false notion; wrong opinion; mistake; misapprehension.|
|4.||A moral offense; violation of duty; a sin or transgression; iniquity; fault.|
|5.||(Math.) The difference between the approximate result and the true result; - used particularly in the rule of double position.|
|6.||(Mensuration) The difference between an observed value and the true value of a quantity.|
|7.||(Law.) A mistake in the proceedings of a court of record in matters of law or of fact.|
|8.||(Baseball) A fault of a player of the side in the field which results in failure to put out a player on the other side, or gives him an unearned base.|
|Noun||1.||error - a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or ignorance or inattention; "he made a bad mistake"; "she was quick to point out my errors"; "I could understand his English in spite of his grammatical faults"|
|2.||error - inadvertent incorrectness|
|3.||error - a misconception resulting from incorrect information|
Synonyms: erroneous belief
|4.||error - (baseball) a failure of a defensive player to make an out when normal play would have sufficed|
|5.||error - departure from what is ethically acceptable|
|6.||error - (computer science) the occurrence of an incorrect result produced by a computer|
Synonyms: computer error
|7.||error - part of a statement that is not correct; "the book was full of errors"|
ERROR. A mistake in judgment or deviation from the truth, in matters of fact
and from the law in matters of judgment.
2.-1 Error of fact. The law has wisely provide that a person shall be excused, if, intending to do a lawful act, and pursuing lawful means to accomplish his object, he commit an act which would be criminal or unlawful, if it were done with a criminal design or in an unlawful manner; for example, thieves break into my house, in the night time, to commit a burglary; I rise out of my bed, and seeing a person with a drawn sword running towards my wife, I take him for one of the burglars, and shoot him down, and afterwards find he was one of my friends, whom, owing to the dimness of the light, I could not recognize, who had lodged with me, rose on the first alarm, and was in fact running towards my wife, to rescue her from the hands of an assassin; still I am innocent, because I committed an error as to a fact, which I could not know, and had, no time to inquire about.
3. Again, a contract made under a clear error is not binding; as, if the seller and purchaser of a house situated in Now York, happen to be in Philadelphia, and, at the time of the sale, it was unknown to both parties that the house was burned down, there will be no valid contract; or if I sell you my horse Napoleon, which we both suppose to be in my stable, and at the time of the contract he is dead, the sale is void. 7 How. Miss. R. 371 3 Shepl. 45; 20 Wend. 174; 9 Shepl. 363 2 Brown, 27; 5 Conn. 71; 6 Mass. 84; 12 Mass. 36. See Sale.
4. Courts of equity will in general correct and rectify all errors in fact committed in making deeds and contracts founded on good considerations. See Mistake.
5.-2. Error in law. As the law is, or which is the same thing, is presumed to be certain and definite, every man is bound to understand it, and an error of law will not, in general, excuse a man, for its violation.
6. A contract made under an error in law, is in general binding, for were it not so, error would be urged in almost every case. 2 East, 469; see 6 John. Ch. R. 166 8 Cowen, 195; 2 Jac. & Walk. 249; 1 Story, Eq. Jur. 156; 1 Younge & Coll. 232; 6 B. & C. 671 Bowy. Com. 135; 3 Sav. Dr. Rom. App. viii. But a foreign law will for this purpose be considered as a fact. 3 Shepl. 45; 9 Pick. 112; 2 Ev. Pothier, 369, &c. See, also, Ignorance; Marriage; Mistake.
7. By error, is also understood a mistake made in the trial of a cause, to correct which a writ of error may be sued out of a superior court.
ERROR, WRIT OF. A writ of error is one issued for a superior to an inferior court, for the purpose of bringing up the record and correcting an alleged error committed in the trial in the court below. But it cannot deliver the body from prison. Bro. Abr. Acc. pl. 45. The judges to whom the writ is directed have no power to return the record nisi judicium inde redditum sit. Nor can it be brought except on the final judgment. See Metcalf's Case, 11 Co. Rep. 38, which is eminently instructive on this subject. Vide Writ of Error.
|1.||error - A discrepancy between a computed, observed, or measured value or condition and the true, specified, or theoretically correct value or condition.|
|2.||(programming)||error - A mental mistake made by a programmer that may result in a program fault.|
|3.||error - (verb) What a program does when it stops as result of a programming error.|