|n.||1.||One hostile to another; one who hates, and desires or attempts the injury of, another; a foe; an adversary; as, an enemy of or to a person; an enemy to truth, or to falsehood.|
To all good he enemy was still.
|Noun||1.||enemy - an opposing military force; "the enemy attacked at dawn"|
|2.||enemy - an armed adversary (especially a member of an opposing military force); "a soldier must be prepared to kill his enemies"|
|3.||enemy - any hostile group of people; "he viewed lawyers as the real enemy"|
|4.||enemy - a personal enemy; "they had been political foes for years"|
ENEMY, international law. By this term is understood the whole body of a
nation at war with another. It also signifies a citizen or subject of such a
nation, as when we say an alien enemy. In a still more extended sense, the
word includes any of the subjects or citizens of a state in amity with the
United States, who, have commenced, or have made preparations for commencing
hostilities against the United States; and also the citizens or subjects of
a state in amity with the United States, who are in the service of a state
at war with them. Salk. 635; Bac. Ab. Treason, G.
2. An enemy cannot, as a general rule, enter into any contract which can be enforced in the courts of law; but the rule is not without exceptions; as, for example, when a state permits expressly its own citizens to trade with the enemy; and perhaps a contract for necessaries, or for money to enable the individual to get home, might be enforced. 7 Pet. R. 586.
3. An alien enemy cannot, in general, sue during the war, a citizen of the United States, either in the courts of, the United States, or those of the several states. 1 Kent, Com. 68; 15 John. R. 57 S. C. 16 John. R. 438. Vide Marsh. Ins. c. 2, s. 1; Park. Ins. Index. h.t.; Wesk. Ins. 197; Phil. Ins. Index. h.t.; Chit. Comm. Law, Index, h.t.; Chit. Law of Nations, Index, h.t.
4. By the term enemy is also understood, a person who is desirous of doing injury to another. The Latins had two terms to signify these two classes of persons; the first, or the public enemy, they called hostis, and the latter, or the private enemy, inimicus.