|n.||1.||The act of committing, or putting in charge, keeping, or trust; consignment; esp., the act of committing to prison.|
|2.||A warrant or order for the imprisonment of a person; - more frequently termed a mittimus.|
|3.||The act of referring or intrusting to a committee for consideration and report; as, the commitment of a petition or a bill.|
|4.||A doing, or perpetration, in a bad sense, as of a crime or blunder; commission.|
|5.||The act of pledging or engaging; the act of exposing, endangering, or compromising; also, the state of being pledged or engaged.|
|Noun||1.||commitment - the trait of sincere and steadfast fixity of purpose; "a man of energy and commitment"|
|2.||commitment - the act of binding yourself (intellectually or emotionally) to a course of action; "his long commitment to public service"; "they felt no loyalty to a losing team"|
|3.||commitment - an engagement by contract involving financial obligation; "his business commitments took him to London"|
|4.||commitment - a message that makes a pledge|
|5.||commitment - the official act of consigning a person to confinement (as in a prison or mental hospital)|
COMMITMENT, criminal law, practice. The warrant. or order by which a court
or magistrate directs a ministerial officer to take a person to prison. The
commitment is either for further hearing, (q.v.) or it is final.
2. The formal requisites of the commitment are, 1st. that it be in writing, under hand, and seal, and show the authority of the magistrate, and the time and place of making it. 3 Har. & McHen. 113; Charl. 280; 3 Cranch, R. 448; see Harp. R. 313. In this case it is said a seal is not indispensable.
3. - 2d. It must be made in the name of the United States, or of the commonwealth, or people, as required by the constitution of the United States or, of the several states.
4. - 3d. It should be directed to the keeper of the prison, and not generally to carry the party to prison. 2 Str. 934; 1 Ld. Raym. 424.
5. - 4th. The prisoner should be described by his name and surname, or the name he gives as his.
6. - 5th. The commitment ought to state that the party has been charged on oath. 3 Cranch, R.448. But see 2 Virg. Cas. 504; 2 Bail. R. 290.
7. - 6th. The particular crime charged against the prisoner should be mentioned with convenient certainty. 3 Cranch, R. 449; 11 St. Tr. 304. 318; Hawk. B. 2, c. 16, s. 16 Chit. Cr. Law, 110.
8. - 7th. The commitment should point out the place of imprisonment, and not merely direct that the party be taken to prison. 2 Str. 934; 1 Ld. Ray. 424.
9. - 8th. In a final commitment, the command to the keeper of the prison should be to keep the prisoner "until he shall be discharged by due course of law," when the offence is not bailable; when it is bailable the gaoler should be, directed to keep the prisoner in his "said custody for want of sureties, or until he shall be discharged by due course of law." When the commitment is not final, it is usual to commit the prisoner "for further hearing." The commitment is also called a mittimus. (q.v.)
10. The act of sending a person to prison charged with the commission of a crime by virtue of such a warrant is also called a commitment. Vide, generally, 4 Vin. Ab. 576; Bac. Ab. h.t.; 4 Cranch, R. 129; 4 Dall. R. 412; 1 Ashm. R. 248; 1 Cowen, R. 144; 3 Conn. R. 502; Wright, R. 691; 2 Virg. Cas. 276; Hardin, R. 249; 4 Mass. R. 497; 14 John. R. 371 2 Virg. Cas. 594; 1 Tyler, R. 444; U. S. Dig. h.t.