Word:

Chirograph

Chi´ro`graph
n.1.(Old. Law) A writing which, requiring a counterpart, was engrossed twice on the same piece of parchment, with a space between, in which was written the word chirographum, through which the parchment was cut, and one part given to each party. It answered to what is now called a charter party.

CHIROGRAPH, conveyancing. Signifies a deed or public instrument in writing. Chirographs were anciently attested by the subscription and crosses of witnesses; afterwards, to prevent frauds and concealments, deeds of mutual covenant were made in a script and rescript, or in a part and counterpart; and in the middle, between the two copies, they drew the capital letters of the alphabet, and then tallied, or cut asunder in an indented manner, the sheet or skin of parchment, one of which parts being delivered to each of the parties, were proved authentic by matching with and answering to one another. Deeds thus made were denominated syngrapha, by the canonists, because that word, instead of the letters of the alphabet, or the word chirographum, was used. 2 Bl. Com. 296. This method of preventing counterfeiting, or of detecting counterfeits, is now used by having some ornament or some word engraved or printed at one end of certificates of stocks, checks, and a variety of other instruments, which are bound up in a book, and after they are executed, are cut asunder through such ornament or word.
     2. Chirograph is also the last part of, a fine of land, commonly called the foot of the fine. It is an instrument of writing beginning with these. words: "This is the final agreement," &c. It includes the whole matter, reciting the parties, day, year and place, and before Whom the fine was acknowledged and levied. Cruise, Dig. tit. 35, c. 2, s. 52. Vide Chambers' Diet. h.t.; Encyclopaedia Americana, Charter; Encyclopedie de D'Alembert, h.t.; Pothier, Pand. tom. xxii. p. 73.

Browse
chipping sparrow
Chipping squirrel
Chippy
Chips
Chips & Technologies
Chiragra
Chiragrical
chiralgia
Chiretta
Chiricahua Apache
Chirico
Chirk
chirk up
Chirm
Chirocephalus
Chirognomy
-- Chirograph --
Chirographer
Chirographer of fines
Chirographic
Chirographist
Chirographum apud debitorem repertum praesumitur solutum
Chirography
Chirogymnast
Chirological
Chirologist
Chirology
chiromance
Chiromancer
Chiromancy
Chiromanist
Chiromantic
Chiromonic
Definitions Index: # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

About this site and copyright information - Online Dictionary Home