|n.||1.||A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other ensign.|
|2.||That which is established by authority as a rule for the measure of quantity, extent, value, or quality; esp., the original specimen weight or measure sanctioned by government, as the standard pound, gallon, or yard.|
|3.||That which is established as a rule or model by authority, custom, or general consent; criterion; test.|
|4.||(Coinage) The proportion of weights of fine metal and alloy established by authority.|
|5.||(Hort.) A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.|
|6.||(Bot.) The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla.|
|7.||(Mech. & Carp.) An upright support, as one of the poles of a scaffold; any upright in framing.|
|8.||(Shipbuilding) An inverted knee timber placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.|
|9.||The sheth of a plow.|
|10.||A large drinking cup.|
|a.||1.||Being, affording, or according with, a standard for comparison and judgment; as, standard time; standard weights and measures; a standard authority as to nautical terms; standard gold or silver.|
|2.||Hence: Having a recognized and permanent value; as, standard works in history; standard authors.|
|3.||(Hort.) Not supported by, or fastened to, a wall; as, standard fruit trees.|
|Noun||1.||standard - a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated; "they set the measure for all subsequent work"|
|2.||standard - the ideal in terms of which something can be judged; "they live by the standards of their community"|
|3.||standard - a board measure = 1980 board feet|
|4.||standard - the value behind the money in a monetary system|
Synonyms: monetary standard
|5.||standard - an upright pole or beam (especially one used as a support); "distance was marked by standards every mile"; "lamps supported on standards provided illumination"|
|6.||standard - any distinctive flag|
|Adj.||1.||standard - conforming to or constituting a standard of measurement or value; or of the usual or regularized or accepted kind; "windows of standard width"; "standard sizes"; "the standard fixtures"; "standard brands"; "standard operating procedure"|
nonstandard - varying from or not adhering to a standard; "nonstandard windows"; "envelopes of nonstandard sizes"; "nonstandard lengths of board"
|2.||standard - commonly used or supplied; "standard procedure"; "standard car equipment"|
|3.||standard - established or widely recognized as a model of authority or excellence; "a standard reference work"|
nonstandard - not standard; not accepted as a model of excellence; "a nonstandard text"
|4.||standard - conforming to the established language usage of educated native speakers; "standard English" (American); "received standard English is sometimes called the King's English" (British)|
nonstandard - not conforming to the language usage of a prestige group within a community; "a nonstandard dialect is one used by uneducated speakers or socially disfavored groups"; "the common core of nonstandard words and phrases in folk speech"- A.R.Dunlap
|5.||standard - regularly and widely used or sold; "a standard size"; "a stock item"|
STANDARD, measure. A weight or measure of certain dimensions, to which all other weights and measures must correspond; as, a standard bushel. Also the quality of certain metals, to which all others of the same kind ought to be made to conform; as, standard gold, standard silver. Vide Dollar; Eagle; Money.
|(standard)||standard - Standards are necessary for interworking,
portability, and reusability. They may be de facto standards for various communities, or officially recognised
national or international standards.|
Andrew Tanenbaum, in his Computer Networks book, once said, "The nice thing about standards is that there are so many of them to choose from", a reference to the fact that competing standards become a source of confusion, division, obsolescence, and duplication of effort instead of an enhancement to the usefulness of products.
Some bodies concerned in one way or another with computing standards are IAB (RFC and STD), ISO, ANSI, DoD, ECMA, IEEE, IETF, OSF, W3C.