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-- Reason --
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Reason

Rea´son   Pronunciation: rē´z'n
n.1.A thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; a just ground for a conclusion or an action; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation; the efficient cause of an occurrence or a phenomenon; a motive for an action or a determination; proof, more or less decisive, for an opinion or a conclusion; principle; efficient cause; final cause; ground of argument.
I'll give him reasons for it.
- Shak.
2.The faculty or capacity of the human mind by which it is distinguished from the intelligence of the inferior animals; the higher as distinguished from the lower cognitive faculties, sense, imagination, and memory, and in contrast to the feelings and desires. Reason comprises conception, judgment, reasoning, and the intuitional faculty. Specifically, it is the intuitional faculty, or the faculty of first truths, as distinguished from the understanding, which is called the discursive or ratiocinative faculty.
3.Due exercise of the reasoning faculty; accordance with, or that which is accordant with and ratified by, the mind rightly exercised; right intellectual judgment; clear and fair deductions from true principles; that which is dictated or supported by the common sense of mankind; right conduct; right; propriety; justice.
I was promised, on a time,
To have reason for my rhyme.
- Spenser.
4.(Math.) Ratio; proportion.
By reason of
by means of; on account of; because of.
In reason
in justice; with rational ground; in a right view.
- Bacon.
v. i.1.To exercise the rational faculty; to deduce inferences from premises; to perform the process of deduction or of induction; to ratiocinate; to reach conclusions by a systematic comparison of facts.
[imp. & p. p. Reasoned (rē"z'nd); p. pr. & vb. n. Reasoning.]
2.Hence: To carry on a process of deduction or of induction, in order to convince or to confute; to formulate and set forth propositions and the inferences from them; to argue.
3.To converse; to compare opinions.
v. t.1.To arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine or discuss by arguments; to debate or discuss; as, I reasoned the matter with my friend.
2.To support with reasons, as a request.
3.To persuade by reasoning or argument; as, to reason one into a belief; to reason one out of his plan.
4.To overcome or conquer by adducing reasons; - with down; as, to reason down a passion.
5.To find by logical processes; to explain or justify by reason or argument; - usually with out; as, to reason out the causes of the librations of the moon.
Noun1.reason - a rational motive for a belief or action; "the reason that war was declared"; "the grounds for their declaration"
Synonyms: ground
2.reason - an explanation of the cause of some phenomenon; "the reason a steady state was never reached was that the back pressure built up too slowly"
3.reason - the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination; "we are told that man is endowed with reason and capable of distinguishing good from evil"
4.reason - the state of having good sense and sound judgment; "his rationality may have been impaired"; "he had to rely less on reason than on rousing their emotions"
5.reason - a justification for something existing or happening; "he had no cause to complain"; "they had good reason to rejoice"
Synonyms: cause, grounds
6.reason - a fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion; "there is reason to believe he is lying"
Verb1.reason - decide by reasoning; draw or come to a conclusion; "We reasoned that it was cheaper to rent than to buy a house"
Synonyms: conclude, reason out
2.reason - present reasons and arguments
Synonyms: argue
3.reason - think logically; "The children must learn to reason"

REASON. By reason is usually understood that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong; and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends. Encyclopedie, h.t.; Shef. on Lun. Introd. xxvi. Ratio in jure aequitas integra.
     2. A man deprived of reason is not criminally responsible for his acts, nor can he enter into any contract.
     3. Reason is called the soul of the law; for when the reason ceases, the law itself ceases. Co. Litt. 97, 183; 1 Bl. Com. 70; 7 Toull. n. 566.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the judges are required in giving their opinions, to give the reasons upon which they are founded. A similar law exists in France, which Toullier says is one of profound wisdom, because, he says, les arrets ne sont plus comme autre fois des oracles muets qui commandent une obeissance passive; leur autorite irrefragable pour ou contre ceux qui les ont obtenus, devient soumise a la censure de la raison, quand on pretend les eriger en regles a suivre en d'autres cas semblables, vol. 6, n. 301; judgments are not as formerly silent oracles which require a passive obedience; their irrefragable authority, for or against those who have obtained them, is submitted to the censure of reason, when it is pretended to set them up as rules to be observed in other similar cases. But see what Duncan J. says in 14 S. & R. 240.

Vernunft, acceptable, accomplishment, account, admissibility, advise with, air, allegorization, ambition, analyze, answer, antecedent, apologia, apology, apply reason, argumentum, ascertainment, aspiration, balance, bargain, basis, because of, brain, brains, by reason of, by virtue of, calculate, call, call in, calling, canvass, case, cerebrate, clarification, clearing up, cogitate, collect, collogue, comment upon, compare notes, conceive, conception, conceptualize, conclude, confer, confer with, cons, consider, consideration, consult, consult with, contact with reality, controvert, convince, cool head, coolheadedness, coolness, counsel, cracking, deal with, debate, decipherment, decoding, deduce, deduction, deductive reasoning, defence, deliberate, deliberate upon, demonstration, demythologization, denouement, derive, determinant, determination, discourse, discourse about, discourse of reason, discursive reason, discuss, discuss with, disentanglement, dissuade, draw a conclusion, draw an inference, due sense of, due to, editing, elenchus, elucidation, emendation, end, end result, enlightenment, entertain ideas, esprit, estimate, euhemerism, examine, exchange observations, exchange views, excuse, exegesis, exemplification, exercise the mind, explanation, explication, exposition, expounding, extract, fetch, figure out, find, finding, finding-out, fitting, form ideas, foundation, generalize, glean, go into, goal, good reason, good sense, gray matter, ground, grounds, guiding light, guiding star, handle, have conversations, head, headpiece, healthy mind, hold conference, horse sense, hypothesize, ideal, ideate, ignoratio elenchi, illumination, illustration, induce, induction, inductive reasoning, infer, inference, insight, inspiration, intellect, intellection, intellectual faculty, intellectualize, intention, interpretation, investigate, issue, judgement, justifiability, justifiable, justification, justness, knock around, level head, levelheadedness, light, lodestar, logic, logical thought, logicality, logicalize, logicalness, logicize, lucid interval, lucidity, mainspring, marbles, material basis, matter, mens, mental balance, mental capacity, mental equilibrium, mental health, mental hygiene, mental poise, mentality, motive, negotiate, normalcy, normality, normalness, nous, object, occasion, on account of, outcome, owing to, palaver, parley, pass under review, percipience, perspicacity, persuade, philosophize, philosophy, plaidoyer, plain sense, plausibility, plea, plead with, pleading, point, power of reason, powwow, practical mind, practical wisdom, practicality, pretense, pretext, prevail upon, principle, proof, proper, pros, pros and cons, provide a rationale, psyche, purpose, put heads together, rap, ratio, ratiocination, rational, rational ground, rationale, rationalism, rationality, rationalization, rationalize, rationalizing, reason about, reason for, reason that, reason the point, reason why, reason with, reasonability, reasonable, reasonableness, reasoning, reasoning faculty, reckon, refer to, reflect, refutation, resolution, resolving, result, review, riddling, right, right mind, sanemindedness, saneness, score, sense, senses, sensible, sensibleness, sift, simplification, sit down together, sit down with, smarts, sober senses, sober-mindedness, soberness, sobriety, solution, solving, sophistry, sorting out, sound mind, sound sense, soundness, soundness of mind, source, special pleading, specious reasoning, speculate, spring, stated cause, study, substance, sweet reason, syllogize, take as proved, take counsel, take up, take up with, talk, talk about, talk of, talk over, talking point, the big idea, the idea, the whatfor, the wherefore, the why, theorize, think, thresh out, treat, ulterior motive, underlying reason, unlocking, unraveling, unriddling, unscrambling, unspinning, untangling, untwisting, unweaving, upshot, urge, use reason, ventilate, vindication, vocation, warrant, wherefore, wholesomeness, why, whyfor, wit, work out, working, working-out
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