ISLAND. A piece of land surrounded by water.
2. Islands are in the sea or in rivers. Those in the sea are either in
the open sea, or within the boundary of some country.
3. When new islands arise in the open sea, they belong to the first
occupant: but when they are newly formed so near the shore as to be within
the boundary of some state, they belong to that state.
4. Islands which arise in rivets when in the middle of the stream,
belong in equal parts to the riparian proprietors when they arise. mostly on
one side, they will belong to the riparian owners up to the middle of the
stream. Bract. lib. 2, c. 2; Fleta, lib. 3, c. 2, s. 6; 2 Bl. 261; 1 Swift's
Dig. 111; Schult. Aq. R. 117; Woolr. on Waters: 38; 4 Pick. R. 268; Dougl.
R. 441; 10 Wend. 260; 14 S. & R. 1. For the law of Louisiana, see Civil
Code, art. 505, 507.
5. The doctrine of the common law on this subject, founded on reason,
seems to have been borrowed from the civil law. Vide Inst. 2, 1, 22; Dig.
41, 1, 7; Code, 7; 41, 1.
, air base
off, continental island
, coral head
, coral island
, coral reef
, island group
, landing field
, oceanic island