|(jargon)||ELIZA effect - /e-li:'z* *-fekt'/ (From ELIZA) The tendency of
humans to attach associations to terms from prior experience.
For example, there is nothing magic about the symbol "+" that
makes it well-suited to indicate addition; it's just that
people associate it with addition. Using "+" or "plus" to
mean addition in a computer language is taking advantage of
the ELIZA effect.|
The ELIZA effect is a Good Thing when writing a programming language, but it can blind you to serious shortcomings when analysing an Artificial Intelligence system.
Compare ad-hockery; see also AI-complete.