|n.||1.||The act of condemning or pronouncing to be wrong; censure; blame; disapprobation.|
|2.||The act of judicially condemning, or adjudging guilty, unfit for use, or forfeited; the act of dooming to punishment or forfeiture.|
|3.||The state of being condemned.|
|4.||The ground or reason of condemning.|
CONDEMNATION, mar. law. The sentence or judgment of a court of competent
jurisdiction that a ship or vessel taken as a prize on the high seas, was
liable to capture, and was properly and legally captured.
2. By the general practice of the law of nations, a sentence of
condemnation is, at present, generally deemed necessary in order to divest
the title of a vessel taken as a prize. Until this has been done the
original owner may regain his property, although the ship may have been in
possession of the enemy twenty-four hours, or carried infra praesidia. 1
Rob. Rep. 134; 3 Rob. Rep. 97, n.; Carth. 423; Chit. Law of Nat. 99, 100; 10
Mod. 79; Abb. on Sh. 14; Wesk. on Ins. h.t.; Marsh. on Ins. 402. A sentence
of condemnation is generally binding everywhere. Marsh. on Ins. 402.
3. The term condemnation is also applied to the sentence which declares
a ship to be unfit for service; this sentence and the grounds of it may,
however, be re-examined and litigated by parties interested in disputing it.
5 Esp. N. P. C. 65; Abb. on Shipp. 4.
CONDEMNATION, civil law. A sentence of judgment which condemns some one to
do, to give, or to pay something; or which declares that his claim or
pretensions are unfounded. This word is also used by common lawyers, though
it is more usual to say conviction, both in civil and criminal cases. It is
a maxim that no man ought to be condemned unheard, and without the
opportunity of being heard.acquittal
, landmark decision
, skinning alive